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Clinical profile of bronchiolitis in infants younger than 90 days in Saudi Arabia

Ahmad, Syed ; Mujawar, Quais ; Al Othman, Mohammed ; Salleh, Hashim ; Alsarfandi, Mahmoud

Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock, 2014, Vol.7(1), p.49-52 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Clinical profile of bronchiolitis in infants younger than 90 days in Saudi Arabia
  • Autor: Ahmad, Syed ; Mujawar, Quais ; Al Othman, Mohammed ; Salleh, Hashim ; Alsarfandi, Mahmoud
  • Assuntos: Bronchiolitis; septic screening; urinary tract infection
  • É parte de: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock, 2014, Vol.7(1), p.49-52
  • Descrição: Background: Bronchiolitis is a self-limiting disease of children caused by viral infections of the small airways with a wide spectrum of illness severity. Search of the literature reveals a need for refinement of criteria for testing for concomitant severe bacterial infections as well as appropriate therapeutic interventions for patients <90-day-old diagnosed with clinical bronchiolitis. We believe that a better understanding of the disease spectrum will help optimize health-care delivery to these patients. Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the clinical profile at presentation, disease course and outcome of bronchiolitis in <3-month-old infants who presented to our Pediatric Emergency Department (PED) during one disease season. Settings: Retrospective chart review during one bronchiolitis season, from November 1, 2011 to April 20, 2012. Subjects: All <90-day-old infants presenting with clinical bronchiolitis presenting to Urban PED of a tertiary care university hospital during one bronchiolitis season. Materials and Methods: A retrospective chart review based on computer records of all emergency department visits of infants less than 90 days with a clinical diagnosis of bronchiolitis, covering the period between November 1, 2011 and April 30, 2012. Results: Out of the total of 1895 infants <90 days of age, 141 had a clinical diagnosis of bronchiolitis and 35 needed admission to hospital. Blood for culture was obtained from 47 infants, urine for culture was obtained from 46 infants and cerebrospinal fluid for culture was obtained from eight infants. One case of bacteremia was documented, but this was found to be a contaminant. No cases of meningitis occurred among these infants. However, one infant had a positive urine culture consistent with infection (Escherichia coli ). Conclusion: Based on the results, it can be conclude that the risk of bacteremia or meningitis among infants <90 days of age with fever and bronchiolitis is low. The risk of urinary tract infection in this age group is also low, but it is higher than the risk for meningitis or bacteremia. Our data for admission and treatment guidelines are similar to those published from other countries.

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