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Enhancing rescue-archaeology using geomorphological approaches: Archaeological sites in Paredes (Asturias, NW Spain)

Jiménez-Sánchez, M. ; González-Álvarez, I. ; Requejo-Pagés, O. ; Domínguez-Cuesta, M.J.

Geomorphology, 9/2011, Vol.132(3-4), pp.99-110 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Enhancing rescue-archaeology using geomorphological approaches: Archaeological sites in Paredes (Asturias, NW Spain)
  • Autor: Jiménez-Sánchez, M. ; González-Álvarez, I. ; Requejo-Pagés, O. ; Domínguez-Cuesta, M.J.
  • Assuntos: Rescue-Archaeology ; Quaternary Sedimentology ; Palaeolithic ; Roman Necropolis ; Fluvial Landscape ; Asturias
  • É parte de: Geomorphology, 9/2011, Vol.132(3-4), pp.99-110
  • Descrição: Palaeolithic remnants, a Necropolis (Roman villa), and another minor archaeological site were discovered in Paredes (Spain). These sites were the focus of multidisciplinary research during the construction of a large shopping centre in Asturias (NW Spain). The aims of this study are (1) to contribute to archaeological prospection in the sites and (2) to develop evolutionary models of the sites based on geomorphological inferences. Detailed archaeological prospection (103 trenches), geomorphologic mapping, stratigraphic studies (36 logs) and ground penetration radar (GPR) surveys on five profiles indicate that the location of the settlement source of the Necropolis is outside the construction perimeter, farther to the southeast. The Pre-Holocene evolution of the fluvial landscape is marked by the development of two terraces (T1 and T2) that host the Early Palaeolithic remains in the area (ca 128–71 ka). The Holocene evolution of the landscape was marked by the emplacement of the Nora River flood plain, covered by alluvial fans after ca. 9 ka BP (cal BC 8252–7787). Subsequently, Neolithic pebble pits dated ca. 5.3 ka BP (cal BC 4261–3963 and 4372–4051) were constructed on T2, at the area reoccupied as a Necropolis during the Late Roman period, 1590 ± 45 years BP (cal AD 382–576). Coeval human activity during the Late Roman period at 1670 ± 60 years BP (cal AD 320–430) is also recorded by channel infill sediments in a minor site at the margin of an alluvial fan located to the southeast. This work shows that a rescue-archaeological study can be significantly enhanced by the implementation of multidisciplinary scientific studies, in which the holistic view of geomorphologic settings provide key insights into the geometry and evolution of archaeological sites. Research highlights ► A Roman necropolis was discovered in Asturias, N Spain. ► We designed a multidisciplinary methodology of work combining rescue archaeological prospection with geochronological, sedimentological and geomorphological approaches. ► The geometry and evolution of the archaeological sites were defined, based on key geomorphological data. ► Rescue-archaeological study can become a research project with scientific results enhanced by a multidisciplinary study including geomorphological approaches.
  • Idioma: Inglês

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