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Evolutionary Insights from Bat Trypanosomes: Morphological, Developmental and Phylogenetic Evidence of a New Species, Trypanosoma (Schizotrypanum) erneyi sp nov., in African Bats Closely Related to Trypanosoma (Schizotrypanum) cruzi and Allied Species

Lima, Luciana; Da Silva, Flavia Maia; Neves, Luis; Attias, Marcia; Takata, Carmen S. A.; Campaner, Marta; De Souza, Wanderley; Hamilton, Patrick B.; Teixeira, Marta M. G. Universidade De São Paulo

PROTIST, JENA, v. 163, n. 6, supl., Part 3, pp. 856-872, NOV, 2012

ELSEVIER GMBH, URBAN & FISCHER VERLAG; JENA 2012

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  • Título:
    Evolutionary Insights from Bat Trypanosomes: Morphological, Developmental and Phylogenetic Evidence of a New Species, Trypanosoma (Schizotrypanum) erneyi sp nov., in African Bats Closely Related to Trypanosoma (Schizotrypanum) cruzi and Allied Species
  • Autor: Lima, Luciana; Da Silva, Flavia Maia; Neves, Luis; Attias, Marcia; Takata, Carmen S. A.; Campaner, Marta; De Souza, Wanderley; Hamilton, Patrick B.; Teixeira, Marta M. G.
  • Universidade De São Paulo
  • Assuntos: Africa; Bats; Chiroptera; Evolution; Phylogeny; Trypanosoma; Ribosomal Sequences; Molecular Phylogeny; Sp N; Rangeli; Kinetoplastida; Reveals; Lineage; Genes; Hosts; Ssu; Microbiology
  • É parte de: PROTIST, JENA, v. 163, n. 6, supl., Part 3, pp. 856-872, NOV, 2012
  • Descrição: Parasites of the genus Trypanosoma are common in bats and those of the subgenus Schizotrypanum are restricted to bats throughout the world, with the exception of Trypanosoma (Schizotrypanum) cruzi that also infects other mammals and is restricted to the American Continent. We have characterized trypanosome isolates from Molossidae bats captured in Mozambique, Africa. Morphology and behaviour in culture, supported by phylogenetic inferences using SSU (small subunit) rRNA, gGAPDH (glycosomal glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase) and Cyt b (cytochrome b) genes, allowed to classify the isolates as a new Schizotrypanum species named Trypanosoma (Schizotrypanum) erneyi sp. nov. This is the first report of a Schizotrypanum species from African bats cultured, characterized morphologically and biologically, and positioned in phylogenetic trees. The unprecedented finding of a new species of the subgenus Schizotrypanum from Africa that is closest related to the America-restricted Trypanosoma (Schizotrypanum) cruzi marinkellei and T. cruzi provides new insights into the origin and evolutionary history of T. cruzi and closely related bat trypanosomes. Altogether, data from our study support the hypothesis of an ancestor trypanosome parasite of bats evolving to infect other mammals, even humans, and adapted to transmission by triatomine bugs in the evolutionary history of T. cruzi in the New World. (c) 2012 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
    Brazilian Agency CNPq within the ProAfrica Program
    Brazilian Agency CNPq within the Pro-Africa Program
    Brazilian Agency CNPq within the Universal Program
    CNPq/PROTAX
    CNPq-Protax
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.protis.2011.12.003
  • Títulos relacionados: PROTIST
  • Editor: ELSEVIER GMBH, URBAN & FISCHER VERLAG; JENA
  • Data de publicação: 2012
  • Idioma: Inglês

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