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On the Emergence of the Microcanonical Description from a Pure State

Hari Dass, N. D ; Kalyana Rama, S ; Sathiapalan, B

International Journal of Modern Physics A, 10 July 2003, Vol.18(17), pp.2947-2993 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    On the Emergence of the Microcanonical Description from a Pure State
  • Autor: Hari Dass, N. D ; Kalyana Rama, S ; Sathiapalan, B
  • Assuntos: Quantum Statistical Mechanics ; Physics
  • É parte de: International Journal of Modern Physics A, 10 July 2003, Vol.18(17), pp.2947-2993
  • Descrição: We study, in general terms, the process by which a pure state can "self-thermalize" and appear to be described by a microcanonical density matrix. This requires a quantum mechanical version of the Gibbsian coarse graining that conceptually underlies classical statistical mechanics. We make use of some extra degrees of freedom that are necessary for this. Interaction between these degrees and the system can be understood as a process of resonant absorption and emission of "soft quanta." This intuitive picture allows one to state a criterion for when self thermalization occurs. This paradigm also provides a method for calculating the thermalization rate using the usual formalism of atomic physics for calculating decay rates. We contrast our prescription for coarse graining, which is somewhat dynamical, with the earlier approaches that are intrinsically kinematical. An important motivation for this study is the black hole information paradox.
  • Idioma: Inglês

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