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Assessment of left ventricular functions and myocardial iron load with tissue Doppler and speckle tracking echocardiography and T2* MRI in patients with β‐thalassemia major

Ari, Mehmet Emre ; Ekici, Filiz ; Çetin, İbrahim İlker ; Tavil, Emine Betül ; Yaralı, Neşe ; Işık, Pamir ; Hazırolan, Tuncay ; Tunç, Bahattin

Echocardiography, March 2017, Vol.34(3), pp.383-389 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Assessment of left ventricular functions and myocardial iron load with tissue Doppler and speckle tracking echocardiography and T2* MRI in patients with β‐thalassemia major
  • Autor: Ari, Mehmet Emre ; Ekici, Filiz ; Çetin, İbrahim İlker ; Tavil, Emine Betül ; Yaralı, Neşe ; Işık, Pamir ; Hazırolan, Tuncay ; Tunç, Bahattin
  • Assuntos: Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; Left Ventricular Function ; Strain ; Tissue Doppler Imaging
  • É parte de: Echocardiography, March 2017, Vol.34(3), pp.383-389
  • Descrição: The purpose of this study is to determine early myocardial dysfunction in β-thalassemia major (BTM) patients. Where the myocardial dysfunction cannot be detected by conventional echocardiography, it could be detected by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) or speckle tracking echocardiography (STE). In this study, we analyzed 60 individuals, 30 of whom were BTM patients and the other 30 of whom were the control group. T2* magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to measure cardiac iron deposition. The myocardial functions were evaluated by conventional echocardiography, TDI and STE. When basal lateral left ventricular and basal septal wall TDI values were compared between the patient group and control group, only isovolumic contraction time values were significantly longer in the patients. The global circumferential strain was significantly lower in the patients. When evaluated as segmental, longitudinal strain values of basal inferoseptum and circumferential strain values of anteroseptum, anterior, and inferolateral segments were significantly lower in the patients. In the patients, global longitudinal and circumferential strains in the group who had pathological T2* values were significantly lower than the group who did not. In addition, circumferential strain values in anteroseptum, anterolateral, inferior, and inferoseptum segments were significantly lower in the patients with T2* values<20 ms than those with T2* values≥20 ms. Although T2* MRI is the most sensitive test detecting myocardial iron load, TDI and STE can be used for screening myocardial dysfunction. The abnormal strain values, especially circumferential, may be detected as the first finding of abnormal iron load and related to T2* values.

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