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Hindcasting the Madden‐Julian Oscillation With a New Parameterization of Surface Heat Fluxes

Chen, Junwen ; Deng, Yi ; Wang, Jingfeng ; Lin, Wenshi

Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, November 2017, Vol.9(7), pp.2696-2709 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Hindcasting the Madden‐Julian Oscillation With a New Parameterization of Surface Heat Fluxes
  • Autor: Chen, Junwen ; Deng, Yi ; Wang, Jingfeng ; Lin, Wenshi
  • Assuntos: Surface Heat Fluxes ; Maximum Entropy Production Model ; Madden‐Julian Oscillation ; Convection ; Precipitation
  • É parte de: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, November 2017, Vol.9(7), pp.2696-2709
  • Descrição: The recently developed maximum entropy production (MEP) model, an alternative parameterization of surface heat fluxes, is incorporated into the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. A pair of WRF cloud‐resolving experiments (5 km grids) using the bulk transfer model (WRF default) and the MEP model of surface heat fluxes are performed to hindcast the October Madden‐Julian oscillation (MJO) event observed during the 2011 Dynamics of the MJO (DYNAMO) field campaign. The simulated surface latent and sensible heat fluxes in the MEP and bulk transfer model runs are in general consistent with in situ observations from two research vessels. Compared to the bulk transfer model, the convection envelope is strengthened in the MEP run and shows a more coherent propagation over the Maritime Continent. The simulated precipitable water in the MEP run is in closer agreement with the observations. Precipitation in the MEP run is enhanced during the active phase of the MJO with significantly reduced regional dry and wet biases. Large‐scale ocean evaporation is stronger in the MEP run leading to stronger boundary layer moistening to the east of the convection center, which facilitates the eastward propagation of the MJO. The new surface heat fluxes parameterization based upon maximum entropy production (MEP) produces stronger MJO convection in the WRF model The enhanced total heat fluxes in the MEP model result in a closer agreement of precipitable water and precipitation with the observation Local precipitation biases in the default WRF are significantly reduced through enhanced (reduced) heavy (light) rain in the WRF‐MEP model

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