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History of the pineal gland

Shoja, Mohammadali ; Hoepfner, Lauren ; Agutter, Paul ; Singh, Rajani ; Tubbs, R.

Child's Nervous System, 2016, Vol.32(4), pp.583-586 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    History of the pineal gland
  • Autor: Shoja, Mohammadali ; Hoepfner, Lauren ; Agutter, Paul ; Singh, Rajani ; Tubbs, R.
  • Assuntos: Medicine
  • É parte de: Child's Nervous System, 2016, Vol.32(4), pp.583-586
  • Descrição: IntroductionThere is a long and culturally diverse history regarding the pineal gland [9, 10, 14, 20, 21]; most of which have been highly mystical. Famously, Descartes (1594-1650) regarded the pineal gland as the point of contact between the soul, body, and the place where our thoughts are formed [5, 7, 17, 22] (Fig. 1 and cover figure). This conjecture has present-day counterparts such as Strassman’s claim that the gland produces N,N-dimethyltryptamine, an intermediate in melatonin synthesis, which Strassman describes as “the spirit molecule” and believes to be involved in dreaming [19]. Other extraordinary speculations include those of pharaonic Egypt, where the pineal was equated with the eye of Horus [13]. Additionally, the “third eye” of Hindu spiritual enlightenment is described as originally being a third eyeball that atrophied into the pineal gland [4].Fig. 1 and cover figureFrom Descartes’ La Dioptrique (Dioptrics) published in 1637 and showing the pineal gland and its connect ...
  • Idioma: Inglês

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