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Effects of high irradiances on photosynthesis, growth and crassulacean acid metabolism in the epiphyte Kalanchoö uniflora

Schäfer, Christian ; Lüttge, Ulrich

Oecologia, 1988, Vol.75(4), pp.567-574 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Effects of high irradiances on photosynthesis, growth and crassulacean acid metabolism in the epiphyte Kalanchoö uniflora
  • Autor: Schäfer, Christian ; Lüttge, Ulrich
  • Assuntos: CAM-epiphyte ; Light acclimation ; Photoinhibition ; Growth
  • É parte de: Oecologia, 1988, Vol.75(4), pp.567-574
  • Descrição: Kalanchoë uniflora was grown in the glasshouse with and without shading. Chlorophyll content, area/FW ratio and specific leaf area were higher in leaves of shaded as compared to unshaded plants. Light saturation curves and continuous gas exchange measurements showed that the apparent quantum yield and the light-saturated photosynthetic rate were higher in shaded plants. Shaded plants had lower “mesophyll resistances” than unshaded plants, indicating that the different photosynthetic capacities reflected different contents of ribulose biphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase. Highlight treatment of plants grown in the shade resulted in a decreased photosynthetic efficiency, showing that these plants were sensitive to photoinhibition. However, dry matter production was higher in unshaded than in shaded plants. Obviously the difference in irradiance between the two growth regimes did more than offset the differences in photosynthetic efficiency. Applying additional nutrients did not alter the effects of high PFDs. The results are discussed in respect to photosynthetic performence and plant distribution in the epiphytic habitat.
  • Idioma: Inglês

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