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Shrinkage stress of three composites under different polymerization methods

Zanchi, Cesar Henrique ; Carvalho, Rodrigo Varella de ; Rodrigues Junior, Sinval Adalberto ; Demarco, Flávio Fernando ; Burnett Júnior, Luiz Henrique

Brazilian Oral Research, 01 April 2006, Vol.20(2), pp.137-142 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Shrinkage stress of three composites under different polymerization methods
  • Autor: Zanchi, Cesar Henrique ; Carvalho, Rodrigo Varella de ; Rodrigues Junior, Sinval Adalberto ; Demarco, Flávio Fernando ; Burnett Júnior, Luiz Henrique
  • Assuntos: Dentistry, Oral Surgery & Medicine ; Resinas Compostas ; Análise Do Estresse Dentário ; Propriedades Físicas E Químicas ; Composite Resins ; Dental Stress Analysis ; Physical and Chemical Properties ; Dentistry
  • É parte de: Brazilian Oral Research, 01 April 2006, Vol.20(2), pp.137-142
  • Descrição: The aim of this study was to evaluate the shrinkage stress of three composites under different polymerization methods: halogen conventional polymerization (G1), halogen "soft-start" polymerization (G2) and LED polymerization (G3). The composites tested were Filtek Z-100 (3M/ESPE), Filtek Z-250 (3M/ESPE) and Solitaire 2 (Heraeus Kulzer). For G1, an XL-3000 (3M/ESPE) curing unit with light intensity of 507 mW/cm² was employed. In G2, the same light unit was used, but with a reduced light intensity in the first 20 s (166 mW/cm²). In G3, an Ultrablue I (DMC) LED curing unit with light intensity of 125 mW/cm² was used. The test was performed with a DL 2000 (EMIC) universal testing machine and two metallic molds with a 1 mm space between them. The composites were inserted in the space between the molds and light cured according to the protocols mentioned above. Stress was registered in different periods of time: 10, 20, 40, 60, 90 and 120 s. A significant linear increase of the shrinkage stress over time was observed, except for Z-100 in G2. Generally, LED polymerization (G3) reduced the generated stress when compared to conventional halogen polymerization (G1). In G3, the composite with the additional co-initiatior presented lower stress when compared to the other composites tested. The combination between composite and polymerization method produced different patterns of stress behavior. LED polymerization reduced the initial shrinkage stress of the three materials and was influenced by the presence of co-initiators in the composites.
  • Idioma: Português

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