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An Introduction to Cognitive Archaeology

Coolidge, Frederick L ; Wynn, Thomas

Current Directions in Psychological Science, December 2016, Vol.25(6), pp.386-392 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    An Introduction to Cognitive Archaeology
  • Autor: Coolidge, Frederick L ; Wynn, Thomas
  • Assuntos: Cognitive Archaeology ; Evolutionary Cognitive Archaeology ; Executive Functions ; Working Memory ; Homo Erectus ; Homo Sapiens ; Psychology
  • É parte de: Current Directions in Psychological Science, December 2016, Vol.25(6), pp.386-392
  • Descrição: Cognitive archaeology studies human cognitive evolution by applying cognitive-science theories and concepts to archaeological remains of the prehistoric past. After reviewing the basic epistemological stance of cognitive archaeology, this article illustrates this interdisciplinary endeavor through an examination of two of the most important transitions in hominin cognitive evolution—the appearance of Homo erectus about 2 million years ago, and the recent enhancement of working-memory capacity within the past 200,000 years. Although intentionally created stone tools date to about 3.3 million years ago, Homo erectus produced a bifacial, symmetrical handaxe whose design then persisted for nearly the next 2 million years. An enhancement in working-memory capacity may have been responsible for the relative explosion of culture within the past 50,000 years, which included personal ornamentation, highly ritualized burials, bow-and-arrow technology, depictive cave art, and artistic figurines.
  • Idioma: Inglês

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