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The PLO in the Mid-1980s: Between the Gun and the Olive Branch

Cobban, Helena

International Journal, December 1983, Vol.38(4), pp.635-651 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    The PLO in the Mid-1980s: Between the Gun and the Olive Branch
  • Autor: Cobban, Helena
  • Assuntos: History & Archaeology ; International Relations
  • É parte de: International Journal, December 1983, Vol.38(4), pp.635-651
  • Descrição: IN JUNE 1982, THE ISRAELI ARMY SWEPT INTO LEBANON: ONE OF ITS PRINCIPAL AIMS THERE WAS TO 'ROOT OUT' THE HEADQUARTERS OF THE PALESTINE LIBERATION ORGANIZATION (PLO), WHICH HAD IN EFFECT BEEN LOCATED IN BEIRUT SINCE THE EARLY 170S. DURING AND AFTER THE 1982 FIGHTING, ISRAELI OFFICIALS EXPLAINED THAT WITH THE BEIRUTBASED PLO OUT OF THE WAY, THEY HOPED TO BE ABLE TO IMPOSE THEIR OWN EXTREMELY LIMITED FORM OF POLITICAL SETTLEMENT ON THE PALESTINIAN COMMUNITIES OF THE OCCUPIED WEST BANK AND GAZA STRIP.1 IN FEBRUARY 1983, HOWEVER, THE PLO HELD THE SIXTEENTH SESSION OF ITS PARLIAMENT-IN-EXILE, THE PALESTINIAN NATIONAL COUNCIL (PNC), IN ALGIERS. THE 384 DELEGATES GATHERED THERE REAFFIRMED THE SURVIVAL AND CONTINUED ORGANIZATIONAL INTEGRITY OF THE ORGANIZATION; AND NO PALESTINIAN VOICE WAS HEARD AT ALL THEN, EITHER INSIDE OR OUTSIDE ALGIERS, CONTESTING YASIR ARAFAT'S FOURTEEN-YEAR-OLD LEADERSHIP OF THE PLO. (IN THE WEST BANK, MEANWHILE, THE FORMER ISRAELI ADMINISTRATOR, MENACHEM MILSON, A BRIGHT ACADEMIC ARABIST WHO HAD BEEN BROUGHT IN IN 1981 TO IMPLEMENT THE GOVERNMENT'S VERSION OF 'AUTONOMY', HAD RESIGNED, REPORTEDLY OVER THE HARSHNESS WITH WHICH THE GOVERNMENT PURSUED ITS ANTI-PALESTINIAN CAMPAIGN.)
  • Idioma: Inglês

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