skip to main content

Raman hyperspectral imaging as an effective and highly informative tool to study the diagenetic alteration of fossil bones

Dal Sasso, Gregorio ; Angelini, Ivana ; Maritan, Lara ; Artioli, Gilberto

Talanta, 01 March 2018, Vol.179, pp.167-176 [Periódico revisado por pares]

Texto completo disponível

Citações Citado por
  • Título:
    Raman hyperspectral imaging as an effective and highly informative tool to study the diagenetic alteration of fossil bones
  • Autor: Dal Sasso, Gregorio ; Angelini, Ivana ; Maritan, Lara ; Artioli, Gilberto
  • Assuntos: Diagenesis ; Fossil Bone ; Histology ; Micro-Raman Spectroscopy ; Raman Hyperspectral Imaging ; Archaeology -- Instrumentation ; Bone and Bones -- Diagnostic Imaging ; Fossils -- Diagnostic Imaging ; Spectrum Analysis, Raman -- Methods
  • É parte de: Talanta, 01 March 2018, Vol.179, pp.167-176
  • Descrição: Retrieving the pristine chemical or isotopic composition of archaeological bones is of great interest for many studies aiming to reconstruct the past life of ancient populations (i.e. diet, mobility, palaeoenvironment, age). However, from the death of the individual onwards, bones undergo several taphonomic and diagenetic processes that cause the alteration of their microstructure and composition. A detailed study on bone diagenesis has the double purpose to assess the preservation state of archaeological bones and to understand the alteration pathways, thus providing evidence that may contribute to evaluate the reliability of the retrieved information. On these bases, this research aims to explore the effectiveness of Raman hyperspectral imaging to detect types, extent and spatial distribution of diagenetic alteration at the micro-scale level. An early-Holocene bone sample from the Al Khiday cemetery (Khartoum, Sudan) was here analysed. Parameters related to the collagen content, bioapatite crystallinity and structural carbonate content, and to the occurrence of secondary mineral phases were calculated from Raman spectra. The acquired data provided spatially-resolved information on both the preservation state of bone constituents and the diagenetic processes occurring during burial. Given the minimal sample preparation, the easy and fast data acquisition and the improvement of system configurations, micro-Raman spectroscopy can be extensively applied as a screening method on a large set of samples in order to characterise the preservation state of archaeological bones. This technique can be effectively applied to identify suitable and well preserved portions of the analysed sample on which perform further analyses.
  • Idioma: Inglês

Buscando em bases de dados remotas. Favor aguardar.