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Mode of action studies on the formation of enamel minerals from a novel toothpaste containing calcium silicate and sodium phosphate salts

Sun, Yuekui ; Li, Xiaoke ; Deng, Yan ; Sun, Jianing N ; Tao, Danying ; Chen, Hui ; Hu, Qinghong ; Liu, Renjiang ; Liu, Weining ; Feng, Xiping ; Wang, Jinfang ; Carvell, Mel ; Joiner, Andrew

Journal of dentistry, June 2014, Vol.42 Suppl 1, pp.S30-8 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Mode of action studies on the formation of enamel minerals from a novel toothpaste containing calcium silicate and sodium phosphate salts
  • Autor: Sun, Yuekui ; Li, Xiaoke ; Deng, Yan ; Sun, Jianing N ; Tao, Danying ; Chen, Hui ; Hu, Qinghong ; Liu, Renjiang ; Liu, Weining ; Feng, Xiping ; Wang, Jinfang ; Carvell, Mel ; Joiner, Andrew
  • Assuntos: Calcium Silicate ; Enamel ; Erosion ; Hydroxyapatite ; Mineralisation ; Toothpaste ; Calcium Compounds -- Pharmacology ; Dental Enamel -- Drug Effects ; Durapatite -- Chemistry ; Fluorides -- Pharmacology ; Phosphates -- Pharmacology ; Silicates -- Pharmacology ; Toothpastes -- Pharmacology
  • É parte de: Journal of dentistry, June 2014, Vol.42 Suppl 1, pp.S30-8
  • Descrição: To investigate in vitro and in situ the deposition and formation of hydroxyapatite (HAP) on enamel surfaces following brushing with a novel toothpaste containing calcium silicate (CaSi), sodium phosphate salts and fluoride. Polished enamel blocks were brushed in vitro with a slurry of the CaSi toothpaste. After one brush and four weeks simulated brushing the enamel surfaces were analysed. In an in situ protocol, enamel blocks were attached to first or second molar teeth of healthy subjects, exposed to 4 weeks twice per day brushing with the CaSi toothpaste and then analysed. The surface deposits were analysed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED). In addition, the CaSi toothpaste was slurried in simulated oral fluid (SOF) over a 3 hour period and the solids were isolated and analysed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The FTIR study demonstrated that calcium phosphate phases had formed and these became increasingly crystalline over 3 hours. CaSi was deposited onto enamel surfaces following one brushing with the toothpaste in vitro.The deposited particles showed evidence of HAP crystalline phases associated with the CaSi. Following 4 weeks brushing in vitro, the deposition increased and analyses showed that the deposited material was HAP. These results were confirmed by the in situ study. Calcium silicate can be deposited onto enamel surfaces from a novel toothpaste formulation where it can form the enamel mineral HAP. A novel toothpaste formulation containing CaSi can form HAP on enamel surfaces. The potential of this technology is for a novel approach to the repair of demineralised enamel and the protection of enamel during acid exposure.
  • Idioma: Inglês

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