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Does social capital promote physical activity? A population-based study in Japan

Ueshima, Kazumune ; Fujiwara, Takeo ; Takao, Soshi ; Suzuki, Etsuji ; Iwase, Toshihide ; Doi, Hiroyuki ; Subramanian, S V ; Kawachi, Ichiro

PloS one, 12 August 2010, Vol.5(8), pp.e12135 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Does social capital promote physical activity? A population-based study in Japan
  • Autor: Ueshima, Kazumune ; Fujiwara, Takeo ; Takao, Soshi ; Suzuki, Etsuji ; Iwase, Toshihide ; Doi, Hiroyuki ; Subramanian, S V ; Kawachi, Ichiro
  • Assuntos: Motor Activity ; Social Conditions
  • É parte de: PloS one, 12 August 2010, Vol.5(8), pp.e12135
  • Descrição: To examine the association between individual-level social capital and physical activity. In February 2009, data were collected in a population-based cross-sectional survey in Okayama city, Japan. A cluster-sampling approach was used to randomly select 4,000 residents from 20 school districts. A total of 2260 questionnaires were returned (response rate: 57.4%). Individual-level social capital was assessed by an item inquiring about perceived trust of others in the community (cognitive dimension of social capital) categorized as low trust (43.0%), mid trust (38.6%), and high trust (17.3%), as well as participation in voluntary groups (structural dimension of social capital), which further distinguished between bonding (8.9%) and bridging (27.1%) social capital. Using logistic regression, we calculated the odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for physical inactivity associated with each domain of social capital. Multiple imputation method was employed for missing data. Among total participants, 68.8% were physically active and 28.9% were inactive. Higher trust... Low individual-level social capital, especially lower trust of others in the community, was associated with physical inactivity among Japanese adults.
  • Idioma: Inglês

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