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Effects of salt treatment and osmotic stress on V-ATPase and V-PPase in leaves of the halophyte Suaeda salsa

Wang, B ; Lüttge, U ; Ratajczak, R

Journal of experimental botany, December 2001, Vol.52(365), pp.2355-65 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Effects of salt treatment and osmotic stress on V-ATPase and V-PPase in leaves of the halophyte Suaeda salsa
  • Autor: Wang, B ; Lüttge, U ; Ratajczak, R
  • Assuntos: Chenopodiaceae -- Metabolism ; Plant Leaves -- Metabolism ; Potassium Chloride -- Pharmacology ; Pyrophosphatases -- Metabolism ; Sodium Chloride -- Pharmacology ; Vacuolar Proton-Translocating Atpases -- Metabolism ; Water -- Metabolism
  • É parte de: Journal of experimental botany, December 2001, Vol.52(365), pp.2355-65
  • Descrição: The Chenopodiaceae Suaeda salsa L. was grown under different salt concentrations and under osmotic stress. The fresh weight was markedly stimulated by 0.1 M NaCl, 0.4 M NaCl and 0.1 M KCl and reduced by osmotic stress (PEG iso-osmotic to 0.1 M NaCl). Treatment with 0.4 M KCl severely damaged the plants. Membrane vesicle fractions containing tonoplast vesicles were isolated by sucrose gradient from leaves of the S. salsa plants and modulations of V-ATPase and V-PPase depending on the growth conditions were determined. Western blot analysis revealed that V-ATPase of S. salsa consists of at least nine subunits (apparent molecular masses 66, 55, 52, 48, 36, 35, 29, 18, and 16 kDa). This polypeptide pattern did not depend on culture conditions. V-PPase is composed of a single polypeptide (69 kDa). An additional polypeptide (54 kDa) was detected in the fractions of NaCl-, KCl- and PEG-treated plants. It turned out that the main strategy of salt-tolerance of S. salsa seems to be an up-regulation of V-ATPase activity, which is required to energize the tonoplast for ion uptake into the vacuole, while V-PPase plays only a minor role. The increase in V-ATPase activity is not obtained by structural changes of the enzyme, but by an increase in V-ATPase protein amount.
  • Idioma: Inglês

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