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Aid and Institution-Building in Fragile States: Findings from Comparative Cases: State Failure, State-Building, and Prospects for a "Functional Failed State" in Somalia

KEN MENKHAUS

Annals, Vol.656 pp.154-173, 2014 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Aid and Institution-Building in Fragile States: Findings from Comparative Cases: State Failure, State-Building, and Prospects for a "Functional Failed State" in Somalia
  • Autor: KEN MENKHAUS
  • Assuntos: Administrations; Unconventional; Secessionist; Unrecognized; Explanations; Announcement; Frustration; Institution; Constitutes; Unqualified; Administrative Law; Criminal Law & Procedure; Governments; Public Health & Welfare Law
  • É parte de: Annals, Vol.656 pp.154-173, 2014
  • Descrição: ... An increasingly narrow set of clan interests drove political calculations, corruption grew rampant, and the ruling clique systematically de-institutionalized the state, rendering the large civil service little more than a bloated bureaucracy with little to do but collect very modest monthly paychecks and engage in "project hopping" with aid agencies to make ends meet (Menkhaus 1997). ... Other spoilers include criminal interests, a class of "gatekeepers" (known by Somalis as "black cats") who tax and divert humanitarian aid to target populations, deeply corrupt government officials who thrive in an "accountability-free zone," warlords and other leaders whose power base rests on their ability to exploit fear and insecurity, and the al-Shabaab terrorist group. ... A seven year transitional government from 2004 to 2012 never managed to develop administrative capacity and its parliament was generally unable to perform, despite considerable external efforts at capacity-building. ... They are failed states in that government capacity is weak, budgets modest, corruption high, and institutionalization low. ... As is the case across the Horn, Puntland's and Somaliland's local, municipal administrations are often the most functional and effective sources of governance. ... Municipal governance There is no question that the most durable, legitimate, and functional political authorities in the eastern Horn have emerged at the town, city, and neighborhood levels. ... One of the major challenges Somaliland and other Somali polities face is how to simultaneously protect the informal governance arrangements that are critical to local order while building formal political institutions and processes that will eventually supersede informal governance.
  • Idioma: Inglês

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