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The algebraic structure behind the derivative nonlinear schrödinger equation

França, G S ; Gomes, J F ; Zimerman, A H

Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, 2013, Vol.46(30), p.305201 (19pp) [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    The algebraic structure behind the derivative nonlinear schrödinger equation
  • Autor: França, G S ; Gomes, J F ; Zimerman, A H
  • Assuntos: High Energy Physics - Theory ; Mathematical Physics ; Nonlinear Sciences - Exactly Solvable And Integrable Systems
  • É parte de: Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, 2013, Vol.46(30), p.305201 (19pp)
  • Descrição: The Kaup–Newell (KN) hierarchy contains the derivative nonlinear Schrödinger equation (DNLSE) amongst others interesting and important nonlinear integrable equations. In this paper, a general higher grading affine algebraic construction of integrable hierarchies is proposed and the KN hierarchy is established in terms of an Kac–Moody algebra and principal gradation. In this form, our spectral problem is linear in the spectral parameter. The positive and negative flows are derived, showing that some interesting physical models arise from the same algebraic structure. For instance, the DNLSE is obtained as the second positive, while the Mikhailov model as the first negative flows. The equivalence between the latter and the massive Thirring model is also explicitly demonstrated. The algebraic dressing method is employed to construct soliton solutions in a systematic manner for all members of the hierarchy. Finally, the equivalence of the spectral problem introduced in this paper with the usual one, which is quadratic in the spectral parameter, is achieved by setting a particular automorphism of the affine algebra, which maps the homogeneous into principal gradation.
  • Idioma: Inglês

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