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Border Cave and the beginning of the Later Stone Age in South Africa

Villa, Paola ; Soriano, S ; Tsanova, T ; Degano, I ; Higham, T ; D'Errico, F ; Backwell, L ; Lucejko, J ; Colombini, M ; Beaumont, P

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 14 August 2012, Vol.109(33), pp.13208-13213 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Border Cave and the beginning of the Later Stone Age in South Africa
  • Autor: Villa, Paola ; Soriano, S ; Tsanova, T ; Degano, I ; Higham, T ; D'Errico, F ; Backwell, L ; Lucejko, J ; Colombini, M ; Beaumont, P
  • Assuntos: Humanities and Social Sciences ; Humanities and Social Sciences ; Archaeology and Prehistory ; Human Behavior ; Hafting Pitch ; Hunting Weapons ; Gathering Equipment ; Sciences (General)
  • É parte de: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 14 August 2012, Vol.109(33), pp.13208-13213
  • Descrição: The transition from the Middle Stone Age (MSA) to the Later Stone Age (LSA) in South Africa was not associated with the appearance of anatomically modern humans and the extinction of Neandertals, as in the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in Western Europe. It has therefore attracted less attention, yet it provides insights into patterns of technological evolution not associated with a new hominin. Data from Border Cave (KwaZulu-Natal) show a strong pattern of technological change at approximately 44–42 ka cal BP, marked by adoption of techniques and materials that were present but scarcely used in the previous MSA, and some novelties. The agent of change was neither a revolution nor the advent of a new species of human. Although most evident in personal ornaments and symbolic markings, the change from one way of living to another was not restricted to aesthetics. Our analysis shows that: (i) at Border Cave two assemblages, dated to 45–49 and >49 ka, show a gradual...
  • Idioma: Inglês

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