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Bois-de-Riquet (Lézignan-la-Cèbe, Hérault): A late Early Pleistocene archeological occurrence in southern France

Bourguignon, Laurence ; Crochet, Jean-Yves ; Capdevila, Ramon ; Ivorra, Jérôme ; Antoine, Pierre ; Agusti, Jordi ; Barsky, Deborah ; Blain, Hugues-Alexandre ; Boulbes, Nicolas ; Bruxelles, Laurent ; Claude, Julien ; Cochard, David ; Filoux, Arnaud ; Firmat, Cyril ; Lozano-Fernandez, Ivan ; Magniez, Pierre ; Pelletier, Maxime ; Rios-Garaizar, Joseba ; Testu, Agnès ; Valensi, Patricia ; De Weyer, Louis Claude, Julien (Editor)

Quaternary International, January 2016, Vol.393, pp.24-40 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Bois-de-Riquet (Lézignan-la-Cèbe, Hérault): A late Early Pleistocene archeological occurrence in southern France
  • Autor: Bourguignon, Laurence ; Crochet, Jean-Yves ; Capdevila, Ramon ; Ivorra, Jérôme ; Antoine, Pierre ; Agusti, Jordi ; Barsky, Deborah ; Blain, Hugues-Alexandre ; Boulbes, Nicolas ; Bruxelles, Laurent ; Claude, Julien ; Cochard, David ; Filoux, Arnaud ; Firmat, Cyril ; Lozano-Fernandez, Ivan ; Magniez, Pierre ; Pelletier, Maxime ; Rios-Garaizar, Joseba ; Testu, Agnès ; Valensi, Patricia ; De Weyer, Louis
  • Claude, Julien (Editor)
  • Assuntos: Humanities and Social Sciences ; Archaeology and Prehistory ; Sciences of the Universe ; Earth Sciences ; Paleontology ; Life Sciences ; Biodiversity ; Populations and Evolution ; Geology
  • É parte de: Quaternary International, January 2016, Vol.393, pp.24-40
  • Descrição: To access, purchase, authenticate, or subscribe to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2015.06.037 Byline: Laurence Bourguignon (a), Jean-Yves Crochet (b), Ramon Capdevila (c), Jerome Ivorra (c), Pierre-Olivier Antoine (d), Jordi Agusti (e,f,g), Deborah Barsky [dbarsky@iphes.cat] (f,g,*), Hugues-Alexandre Blain (f,g), Nicolas Boulbes (h), Laurent Bruxelles (a), Julien Claude (d), David Cochard (j), Arnaud Filoux (i,k), Cyril Firmat (l), Ivan Lozano-Fernandez (f,g), Pierre Magniez (i,m), Maxime Pelletier (j,m), Joseba Rios-Garaizar (n), Agnes Testu (i), Patricia Valensi (o), Louis De Weyer (p) Keywords Late Early Pleistocene; Early humans; Stone tools; Basalt; Taphonomy; Biochronology Abstract The Bois-de-Riquet archeological site (Lezignan-la-Cebe, Herault, France) provides significant paleontological and archeological data about the first occupations of Western Europe. Although only partially excavated, the site has already yielded an exceptionally rich paleontological assemblage as well as some stone artefacts. The archeostratigraphical unit "US2" is encased within a basalt flowstone radiometrically dated to 1.57 Ma. The sedimentary infill has preserved large and small mammal fossils, as well as coprolites. Biochronological interpretations suggest an age of around 1.3--1.1 Ma for the accumulation. A few basalt artefacts were exhumed alongside the fossil bones. Interpretation of the lithics has required the elaboration of a strict selection protocol based upon extensive knapping experiments with local basalt. This paper presents results from the interdisciplinary study of the Bois-de-Riquet site in the aim of contextualizing these discoveries. The microstratigraphical analysis of the deposits is presented with recent geological interpretations in order to contribute a better understanding of the main features of this assemblage, and its remarkable preservation within the thermal and textural boundary between a basalt flowstone's base and its entablature. Author Affiliation: (a) INRAP, AnTet/Arscan, Pole mixte de Recherche, Domaine de Chateau Campagne, 24260 Campagne, France (b) ASPROGEO, 138 ancien Chemin du Triadou, 34270 Saint-Jean-de-Cuculles, France (c) SPN Pezenas, 14 rue de la Foire, 34120 Pezenas, France (d) Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution, Universite de Montpellier, CNRS, IRD, EPHE, CC64, Place Eugene Bataillon, F-34095 Montpellier, France (e) ICREA, Barcelona, Spain (f) IPHES, Institut Catala de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolucio Social, c/Marcelli Domingo s/n, Campus Sescelades URV, Edifici W3, 43007 Tarragona, Spain (g) Area de Prehistoria, Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV), Avinguda de Catalunya 35, 43002 Tarragona, Spain (h) UMR 5140 CNRS, Universite Montpellier 3, 390 av. de Perols, 34970 Lattes, France (i) UMR 7194 CNRS, HNHP, Universite de Perpignan, CERP Avenue Leon-Jean Gregory, 66720 Tautavel, France (j) UMR 5199, PACEA, Bat. B8, Universite de Bordeaux 1, Avenue des Facultes, 33405 Talence Cedex, France (k) Palaeontological Research and Education Centre, Mahasarakham University, 44150 Mahasarakham, Thailand (l) Centre for Biodiversity Dynamics, Department of Biology, Norvegian University and Technology, Trondheim, Norway (m) Aix Marseille University, CNRS, MCC, LAMPEA UMR 7269, 13094 Aix-en-Provence Cedex 02, France (n) CENIEH, Paseo Sierra Atapuerca 3, 09002 Burgos, Spain (o) Musee de Prehistoire de Tourrette-Levens, 171, Montee du Chateau, 06690 Tourrette-Levens, France (p) UMR 7041 ArScAn -- AnTET, Maison Rene Ginouves, box 32, 21 allee de l'Universite, 92023 Nanterre Cedex, France * Corresponding author. IPHES, Institut Catala de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolucio Social, c/Marcelli Domingo s/n, Campus Sescelades URV, Edifici W3, 43007 Tarragona, Spain.
  • Idioma: Inglês

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