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When wildcats feed on rabbits: an experimental study to understand the taphonomic signature of European wildcats (Felis silvestris silvestris).(Report)

Lloveras, Lluis ; Thomas, Richard ; Cosso, Alessandra ; Pinyol, Cesar ; Nadal, Jordi

Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 2018, Vol.10(2), p.449(16) [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    When wildcats feed on rabbits: an experimental study to understand the taphonomic signature of European wildcats (Felis silvestris silvestris).(Report)
  • Autor: Lloveras, Lluis ; Thomas, Richard ; Cosso, Alessandra ; Pinyol, Cesar ; Nadal, Jordi
  • Assuntos: Archaeology
  • É parte de: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 2018, Vol.10(2), p.449(16)
  • Descrição: To access, purchase, authenticate, or subscribe to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12520-016-0364-6 Byline: Lluis Lloveras (1,2), Richard Thomas (2), Alessandra Cosso (3), Cesar Pinyol (4), Jordi Nadal (1) Keywords: Taphonomy; Wildcat; European rabbit; Small prey; Bone accumulators Abstract: Studies of the feeding ecology of the European wildcat (Felis silvestris silvestris) demonstrate that leporids, mostly European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus), dominate their diet in regions where they are present. The remains of wildcats have been found at Pleistocene and Holocene archaeological sites, raising the possibility that they actively accumulated leporid bones in caves and shelters shared with other terrestrial carnivores, raptors and humans. We present the first taphonomic study of rabbit remains consumed by this terrestrial carnivore, with the ultimate aim of understanding their role in bone accumulations at archaeological sites. An experimental study was carried out with a wildcat female, who was fed with nine complete rabbit carcasses. Non-ingested remains and scats were recovered for the analysis of anatomical representation, breakage and bone surface modification. This revealed that non-ingested remains and scats of the European wildcat can be discriminated from most other agents of accumulation. The referential framework provided will permit the discrimination of hominids and wildcats as agents of fossil accumulations of rabbits. Author Affiliation: (1) 0000 0004 1937 0247, grid.5841.8, SERP, Departament de PrehistA[sup.2]ria, HistA[sup.2]ria Antiga i Arqueologia, Facultat de Geografia i HistA[sup.2]ria, Universitat de Barcelona, C/ Montalegre 6, 08001, Barcelona, Spain (2) 0000 0004 1936 8411, grid.9918.9, School of Archaeology and Ancient History, University of Leicester, University Road, Leicester, LE1 7RH, UK (3) 0000 0001 2097 9138, grid.11450.31, Dipartimento di Storia, Scienze dell'Uomo e della Formazione, Universita degli Studi di Sassari, Viale Umberto, 07100, Sassari, Italy (4) Centre de fauna de Vallcalent, Departament d'Agricultura, Ramaderia, Pesca, Alimentacio i Medi Natural, Cami de Vallcalent 63, 25195, Lleida, Spain Article History: Registration Date: 22/07/2016 Received Date: 08/02/2016 Accepted Date: 22/07/2016 Online Date: 08/08/2016 Article note: Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi:10.1007/s12520-016-0364-6) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
  • Idioma: Inglês

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