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Different physiological and photosynthetic responses of three cyanobacterial strains to light and zinc.(Report)

Xu, Kui ; Juneau, Philippe

Aquatic Toxicology, 2016, Vol.170, p.251 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Different physiological and photosynthetic responses of three cyanobacterial strains to light and zinc.(Report)
  • Autor: Xu, Kui ; Juneau, Philippe
  • Assuntos: Photosynthesis – Physiological Aspects ; Zinc (Nutrient) – Physiological Aspects ; Freshwater Ecosystems – Physiological Aspects
  • É parte de: Aquatic Toxicology, 2016, Vol.170, p.251
  • Descrição: To access, purchase, authenticate, or subscribe to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2015.11.015 Byline: Kui Xu, Philippe Juneau [juneau.philippe@uqam.ca] (*) Keywords Microcystis aeruginosa; Synechocystis sp.; High zinc; Light and photosynthesis Highlights * The response mechanisms to high zinc was investigated among three cyanobacterial strains grown under two light regimes. * Photosystem II is more sensitive to high zinc compared to Photosystem I in the three studied strains. * High light increases the zinc uptake in two Microcystis aeruginosa strains, but not in Synechocystis sp.. * Combined high light and high zinc treatment is lethal for the toxic M. aeruginosa CPCC299. Abstract Zinc pollution of freshwater aquatic ecosystems is a problem in many countries, although its specific effects on phytoplankton may be influenced by other environmental factors. Light intensity varies continuously under natural conditions depending on the cloud cover and the season, and the response mechanisms of cyanobacteria to high zinc stress under different light conditions are not yet well understood. We investigated the effects of high zinc concentrations on three cyanobacterial strains (Microcystis aeruginosa CPCC299, M. aeruginosa CPCC632, and Synechocystis sp. FACHB898) grown under two light regimes. Under high light condition (HL), the three cyanobacterial strains increased their Car/Chl a ratios and non-photochemical quenching (NPQ), with CPCC299 showing the highest growth rate--suggesting a greater ability to adapt to those conditions as compared to the other two strains. Under high zinc concentrations the values of maximal ([ETH][currency].sub.M) and operational ([ETH][currency]'.sub.M) photosystem II quantum yields, photosystem I quantum yield [Y(I)], and NPQ decreased. The following order of sensitivity to high zinc was established for the three strains studied: CPCC299 > CPCC632 > FACHB898. These different sensitivities can be partly explained by the higher internal zinc content observed in CPCC299 as compared to the other two strains. HL increased cellular zinc content and therefore increased zinc toxicity in both M. aeruginosa strains, although to a greater extent in CPCC299 than in CPCC632. Car/Chl a ratios decreased with high zinc concentrations under HL only in CPCC299, but not under low light (LL) conditions for all the studied strains, suggesting that the three strains have different response mechanisms to high zinc stress when grown under different light regimes. We demonstrated that interactions between light intensity and zinc need to be considered when studying the bloom dynamics of cyanobacteria in freshwater ecosystems. Author Affiliation: Department des Sciences Biologiques, GRIL, TOXEN, Ecotoxicology of Aquatic Microorganisms Laboratory, Universite du Quebec a Montreal, Succursale Centre-ville, C.P. 8888 Montreal, Quebec H3C 3P8, Canada * Corresponding author. Article History: Received 6 July 2015; Revised 17 November 2015; Accepted 17 November 2015
  • Idioma: Inglês

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