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Middle Holocene rapid environmental changes and human adaptation in Greece.(Report)

Lespez, Laurent ; Glais, Arthur ; Lopez-Saez, Jose-Antonio ; Le Drezen, Yann ; Tsirtsoni, Zoi ; Davidson, Robert ; Biree, Laetitia ; Malamidou, Dimitra

Quaternary Research, 2016, Vol.85(2), p.227 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Middle Holocene rapid environmental changes and human adaptation in Greece.(Report)
  • Autor: Lespez, Laurent ; Glais, Arthur ; Lopez-Saez, Jose-Antonio ; Le Drezen, Yann ; Tsirtsoni, Zoi ; Davidson, Robert ; Biree, Laetitia ; Malamidou, Dimitra
  • Assuntos: Archaeology – Environmental Aspects ; Geomorphology – Environmental Aspects ; Microfossils – Environmental Aspects ; Global Temperature Changes – Environmental Aspects ; Antiquities – Environmental Aspects
  • É parte de: Quaternary Research, 2016, Vol.85(2), p.227
  • Descrição: To access, purchase, authenticate, or subscribe to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yqres.2016.02.002 Byline: Laurent Lespez [laurent.lespez@lgp.cnrs.fr] (a,*), Arthur Glais (b), Jose-Antonio Lopez-Saez (c), Yann Le Drezen (a), Zoi Tsirtsoni (d), Robert Davidson (b), Laetitia Biree (b), Dimitra Malamidou (e) Keywords Bronze Age; Climate change; Fluvial system; Human adaptation; Mediterranean; Mid-Holocene; Neolithic; Non-Pollen Palynomorphs; Pollen; South-East Balkans Abstract Numerous researchers discuss of the collapse of civilizations in response to abrupt climate change in the Mediterranean region. The period between 6500 and 5000 cal yr BP is one of the least studied episodes of rapid climate change at the end of the Late Neolithic. This period is characterized by a dramatic decline in settlement and a cultural break in the Balkans. High-resolution paleoenvironmental proxy data obtained in the Lower Angitis Valley enables an examination of the societal responses to rapid climatic change in Greece. Development of a lasting fluvio-lacustrine environment followed by enhanced fluvial activity is evident from 6000 cal yr BP. Paleoecological data show a succession of dry events at 5800--5700, 5450 and 5000--4900 cal yr BP. These events correspond to incursion of cold air masses to the eastern Mediterranean, confirming the climatic instability of the middle Holocene climate transition. Two periods with farming and pastural activities (6300--5600 and 5100--4700 cal BP) are evident. The intervening period is marked by environmental changes, but the continuous occurrence of anthropogenic taxa suggests the persistence of human activities despite the absence of archaeological evidence. The environmental factors alone were not sufficient to trigger the observed societal changes. Author Affiliation: (a) LGP-UMR 8591 CNRS, University of Paris East-Creteil (UPEC), 1 place Aristide Briand, 92195 Meudon Cedex, France (b) LETG CAEN-UMR 6554 CNRS, University of Caen-Normandie, Esplanade de la Paix, 14000 Caen, France (c) G.I. Arqueobiologia, Instituto de Historia, CCHS, CSIC, 28037 Madrid, Spain (d) ArScAn-UMR 7041 CNRS, University of Paris I, Paris 10, and French Ministry of Culture, 21 allee de l'universite, 92023 Nanterre Cedex, France (e) Ephorate of Prehistoric and Classical Antiquities, Er. Stavrou 17, 65110 Kavala, Greece * Corresponding author. Fax: + 33 01 45 17 11 76. Article History: Received 22 May 2015;
  • Idioma: Inglês

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