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How did the Qesem Cave people use their teeth? Analysis of dental wear patterns

Sarig, Rachel ; Gopher, Avi ; Barkai, Ran ; Rosell, Jordi ; Blasco, Ruth ; Weber, Gerhard W. ; Fornai, Cinzia ; Sella-Tunis, Tatiana ; Hershkovitz, Israel;

Quaternary International, April 4, 2016, Vol.398, p.136(12) [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    How did the Qesem Cave people use their teeth? Analysis of dental wear patterns
  • Autor: Sarig, Rachel ; Gopher, Avi ; Barkai, Ran ; Rosell, Jordi ; Blasco, Ruth ; Weber, Gerhard W. ; Fornai, Cinzia ; Sella-Tunis, Tatiana ; Hershkovitz, Israel
  • Assuntos: Human Behavior – Analysis ; Human Evolution – Analysis
  • É parte de: Quaternary International, April 4, 2016, Vol.398, p.136(12)
  • Descrição: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2015.10.033 Byline: Rachel Sarig, Avi Gopher, Ran Barkai, Jordi Rosell, Ruth Blasco, Gerhard W. Weber, Cinzia Fornai, Tatiana Sella-Tunis, Israel Hershkovitz Abstract: Dental wear pattern is an important source of information regarding dietary habits, food preparation, and human economic behavior. In the current study we present our preliminary analysis of the dental wear patterns of the Middle Pleistocene (420-200 kya) Qesem Cave teeth. Five types of tooth wear were studied: Occlusal wear, interproximal wear, subvertical grooves, buccal microwear and root striations. We found mild to moderate occlusal wear (stage range 2-4), the largest proximal facet on the M.sub.2 medial was 15.3 mm.sup.2, presence of three subvertical grooves on the M.sub.2 distal surface, a variety of microwear scratches (many are >200 m[mu] long and >5 m[mu] wide) and two types of root striations. The data obtained suggests that the Qesem Cave people possessed a strong masticatory system producing massive anterior component of force, and used small flints as food choppers. Author Affiliation: (a) Dan David Center for Human Evolution and Bio-history, The Steinhardt Museum of Natural History and National Research Center, Tel Aviv University, Israel (b) The Department of Orthodontics, The Maurice and Gabriela Goldschleger School of Dental Medicine, Israel (c) Institute of Archaeology, Tel Aviv University, Israel (d) Area de Prehistoria, Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV), Avinguda de Catalunya 35, 43002 Tarragona, Spain (e) IPHES, Institut Catala de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolucio Social, C/Marcel.li Domingo s/n- Campus Sescelades URV (Edifici W3), 43007 Tarragona, Spain (f) Departament de Prehistoria, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, Facultat de Lletres-Edifici B, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain (g) Department of Anthropology, University of Vienna, Austria (h) University of Vienna, Core Facility for Micro-Computed Tomography, Austria (i) The Department of Anatomy and Anthropology, The Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Israel
  • Idioma: Inglês

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