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From a stratigraphic sequence to a landscape evolution model: Late Pleistocene and Holocene volcanism, soil formation and land use in the shade of Mount Vesuvius (Italy)

Vogel, Sebastian ; Marker, Michael ; Rellini, Ivano ; Hoelzmann, Philipp ; Wulf, Sabine ; Robinson, Mark ; Steinhubel, Linda ; Di Maio, Giovanni ; Imperatore, Catello ; Kastenmeier, Pia ; Liebmann, Liana ; Esposito, Domenico ; Seiler, Florian;

Quaternary International, Feb 11, 2016, Vol.394, p.155(25) [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    From a stratigraphic sequence to a landscape evolution model: Late Pleistocene and Holocene volcanism, soil formation and land use in the shade of Mount Vesuvius (Italy)
  • Autor: Vogel, Sebastian ; Marker, Michael ; Rellini, Ivano ; Hoelzmann, Philipp ; Wulf, Sabine ; Robinson, Mark ; Steinhubel, Linda ; Di Maio, Giovanni ; Imperatore, Catello ; Kastenmeier, Pia ; Liebmann, Liana ; Esposito, Domenico ; Seiler, Florian
  • Assuntos: History – Analysis ; Archaeology – Analysis ; Land Use – Analysis ; Landscape Evolution – Analysis ; Volcanism – Analysis ; Land Use Controls – Analysis
  • É parte de: Quaternary International, Feb 11, 2016, Vol.394, p.155(25)
  • Descrição: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2015.02.033 Byline: Sebastian Vogel, Michael Marker, Ivano Rellini, Philipp Hoelzmann, Sabine Wulf, Mark Robinson, Linda Steinhubel, Giovanni Di Maio, Catello Imperatore, Pia Kastenmeier, Liana Liebmann, Domenico Esposito, Florian Seiler Abstract: Detailed lithostratigraphic, geochemical, pedological, micromorphological and archaeological analyses were carried out at a stratigraphic sequence of Scafati, about 3 km east of ancient Pompeii. It comprises roughly the last 22,000 years of landscape history consisting of a multilayered succession of repeated volcanic deposition and pedogenesis. The former is caused by several phases of volcanic activity of Somma-Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei and Ischia, reflecting a large spectrum of eruption types including Plinian, sub-Plinian, Strombolian to Vulcanian and effusive volcanic events. The latter contains phases of volcanic quiescence leading to soil formations of different durations, intensities and soil-forming environments. Furthermore, the paleosols repeatedly reveal clear evidence of anthropogenic activity such as agriculture. Using this multiproxy approach, a holistic landscape evolution model was developed reconstructing the late Pleistocene and Holocene history of volcanic activity, soil formation and land use in the hinterland of Pompeii. This was correlated with the larger-scale climatic and human history of the Campania region. Author Affiliation: (a) University of Tubingen c/o German Archaeological Institute, Podbielskiallee 69-71, 14195 Berlin, Germany (b) Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities c/o University of Tubingen, Rumelinstrasse 19-23, 72070 Tubingen, Germany (c) Universita degli studi di Firenze, Earth Science Department, Piazzale delle Cascine 18, 50144 Firenze, Italy (d) Universita degli Studi di Genova, Department of Earth, Environment and Life Science (DISTAV), C.so Europa 26, 16132 Genoa, Italy (e) Freie Universitat Berlin, Department of Earth Sciences, Physical Geography, Malteserstra[sz]e 74-100, 12249 Berlin, Germany (f) Helmholtz Centre Potsdam, German Research Centre for Geosciences GFZ, Section 5.2 Climate Dynamics and Landscape Evolution, Telegrafenberg, 14473 Potsdam, Germany (g) Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PW, United Kingdom (h) University of Gottingen, Albrecht-von-Haller-Institute for Plant Sciences, Department of Palynology and Climate Dynamics, Untere Karspule 2, 37073 Gottingen, Germany (i) Geomed s.r.l., 46 Via Sicignano Ludovico, 84018 Scafati, SA, Italy (j) German Archaeological Institute, Podbielskiallee 69-71, 14195 Berlin, Germany
  • Idioma: Inglês

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