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Evolution of landscapes of the Moskva River floodplain in the Atlantic and Subboreal: Pedological and palynological records

Ershova, E.G. ; Alexandrovskiy, A.L. ; Krenke, N.A.

Catena, 2016, Vol.137, p.611(11) [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Evolution of landscapes of the Moskva River floodplain in the Atlantic and Subboreal: Pedological and palynological records
  • Autor: Ershova, E.G. ; Alexandrovskiy, A.L. ; Krenke, N.A.
  • Assuntos: Archaeology – Analysis ; Climate Change – Analysis ; Landscape Evolution – Analysis
  • É parte de: Catena, 2016, Vol.137, p.611(11)
  • Descrição: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: Byline: E.G. Ershova, A.L. Alexandrovskiy, N.A. Krenke Abstract: Floodplain deposits in the valley of the Moskva River contain a series of buried soils of the Holocene age, which can be an important source of paleoecological information. These soils were dated as follows: Soil 1 -- 100BP, Soil 2 -- cal 1200AD-500BC, Soil 3 -- 900-2700BC, and Soil 4 -- 3700-6000BC. Archeological monuments associated with these soils belong to the Neolithic (Soil 4), Early Bronze Age (Soil 3), and Iron Age and Middle Ages (Soil 2). Buried soils have well developed profiles and diagnostic features. Dark-colored soils of the Atlantic period (Soil 4) in most cases can be attributed to Phaeozems. Pollen analysis shows that these soils were formed under forest-steppe communities. Buried soils of the Subatlantic period (Soil 2) are usually referred to as Luvisols. Unlike them, the soils of the Subboreal period (Soil 3) are traced in rare cases and have no clear diagnostic features allowing reconstruction of the paleoenvironment. These soils have a light-colored humus horizon, which does not allow them to be classified as Phaeozems. However, they do not have the Bt horizon characteristic of Luvisols. This paper describes the results of a new comprehensive study of the Moskva River floodplain near the Zvenigorod Biological Station (ZBS) of Moscow State University. The buried soils of the Atlantic and Subboreal periods were studied by palaeopedological and palynological methods. The findings confirmed previously obtained results and indicated that the buried Soil 3 at the ZBS site could be developed under mixed forests dominated by spruce. These results suggest that the landscapes of the lower levels of the valley changed dramatically between 5000 and 4500calBP. The forest-steppe communities were replaced by dense forests due to the early Subboreal climate change. The paper also examines the specifics of soil and pollen records of the landscape evolution. The anthropogenic influence on the floodplain landscapes is also considered. Article History: Received 1 March 2014; Revised 29 December 2014; Accepted 31 December 2014
  • Idioma: Inglês

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