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On the local Mousterian origin of the Chatelperronian: Integrating typo-technological, chronostratigraphic and contextual data

Ruebens, Karen ; Mcpherron, Shannon J.P. ; Hublin, Jean-Jacques

Journal of Human Evolution, 2015, Vol.86, p.55(37) [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    On the local Mousterian origin of the Chatelperronian: Integrating typo-technological, chronostratigraphic and contextual data
  • Autor: Ruebens, Karen ; Mcpherron, Shannon J.P. ; Hublin, Jean-Jacques
  • Assuntos: Archaeology – Analysis ; Neanderthals – Analysis
  • É parte de: Journal of Human Evolution, 2015, Vol.86, p.55(37)
  • Descrição: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2015.06.011 Byline: Karen Ruebens, Shannon J.P. McPherron, Jean-Jacques Hublin Abstract: Across Europe the period 45-40 ka (thousands of years ago) is associated with several technological changes, including the emergence of the Chatelperronian technocomplex in France and northern Spain. The Chatelperronian, stratigraphically located between the Mousterian and Aurignacian, is characterized by Upper Palaeolithic features, such as volumetric blade reduction, curved backed blades, end-scrapers, bladelets, bone tools and ornaments. Concurrently, repeated, though debated, associations with Neanderthal remains and Mousterian elements suggest a local technological development. Following recent critiques and cumulating technological studies, this paper provides data-driven contextualisations of the Chatelperronian and late Mousterian archaeological records and a primary comparative assessment of a major linking element, backed knives, to re-assess the origin of the Chatelperronian. The results demonstrate the challenging nature of the 50-35 ka record, with many interpretive problems caused by poorly recorded excavations, resulting in only 25 well-contextualised assemblages from the claimed 143 Chatelperronian find spots. These 25 assemblages facilitate more detailed chronostratigraphic and typo-technological assessments and show that the Chatelperronian has a homogenous set of technologies and tools. A similar evaluation of the late Mousterian indicates a wide-ranging late Neanderthal skill set, commonly including laminar blank production and backing. Further, conceptual similarities were noted both in blank selection and edge modification between Mousterian and Chatelperronian backed knives, alongside their near-absence in other, contemporaneous technocomplexes. A Europe-wide contextualisation shows that while the current coarse-grained record still allows for several potential scenarios, the data throughout this paper point towards a most parsimonious model of a Chatelperronian made by Neanderthals, with roots in the late Middle Palaeolithic technological skill set. However, this change seems triggered by early arrivals of modern humans either indirectly, through stimulus diffusion, or directly, after ca. 42 ka. Fully testing this model requires an ongoing focus on site formation and assemblage integrity, alongside in-depth analyses of recently excavated assemblages and existing collections. Author Affiliation: (a) Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany (b) MONREPOS Archaeological Research Centre and Museum for Human Behavioural Evolution, RGZM, Schloss Monrepos, D-56567 Neuwied, Germany Article History: Received 15 October 2014; Accepted 19 June 2015
  • Idioma: Inglês

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