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The increased viability of probiotic Lactobacillus salivarius NRRL B-30514 encapsulated in emulsions with multiple lipid-protein-pectin layers

Zhang, Yun ; Lin, Jun ; Zhong, Qixin

Food Research International, 2015, Vol.71, p.9(7) [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    The increased viability of probiotic Lactobacillus salivarius NRRL B-30514 encapsulated in emulsions with multiple lipid-protein-pectin layers
  • Autor: Zhang, Yun ; Lin, Jun ; Zhong, Qixin
  • Assuntos: Probiotics ; Pectin
  • É parte de: Food Research International, 2015, Vol.71, p.9(7)
  • Descrição: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2015.02.017 Byline: Yun Zhang, Jun Lin, Qixin Zhong Abstract: Probiotics have demonstrated various health benefits but have poor stability to sustain food processing and storage conditions, as well as after ingestion. Biopolymer beads are commonly studied to encapsulate probiotic cells to improve their stability, but the millimeter-dimension of these beads may not meet the quality requirement of food products. The aim of this study was to enhance the viability of Lactobacillus salivarius NRRL B-30514 by encapsulation in emulsion droplets with multiple lipid-protein-pectin layers. Spray-dried L. salivarius was suspended in melted anhydrous milk fat that was then emulsified in a neutral aqueous phase with whey protein isolate or sodium caseinate to prepare primary solid/oil/water (S/O/W) emulsions. Subsequently, pectin was electrostatically deposited onto the droplet surface at pH3.0 to form secondary emulsions. The encapsulation efficiency was up to 90%. After 20-day storage at 4[degrees]C, the viable cell counts of bacteria in secondary emulsions at pH3.0 and primary emulsions at 7.0 were 3 log higher than the respective free cell controls. After heating at 63[degrees]C for 30min, free L. salivarius was inactivated to be undetectable, while about 2.0logCFU/mL was observed for primary (at pH7.0) and secondary (at pH3.0) emulsion treatments. Additionally, a 5log-CFU/g-powder reduction was observed after spray drying free L. salivarius, while a 2logCFU/g reduction was observed for emulsion treatments with capsules smaller than 20[mu]m. Furthermore, cross-linking the secondary emulsion with calcium enhanced the viability of L. salivarius after the simulated gastric and intestinal digestions. Therefore, the studied S/O/W emulsion systems may be used to improve the viability of probiotics during processing, storage, and gastrointestinal digestion. Article History: Received 17 December 2014; Revised 29 January 2015; Accepted 28 February 2015
  • Idioma: Inglês

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