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Copper processing in the oases of northwest Arabia: technology, alloys and provenance

Liu, Siran ; Rehren, Thilo ; Pernicka, Ernst ; Hausleiter, Arnulf

Journal of Archaeological Science, 2015, Vol.53, p.492(12) [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Copper processing in the oases of northwest Arabia: technology, alloys and provenance
  • Autor: Liu, Siran ; Rehren, Thilo ; Pernicka, Ernst ; Hausleiter, Arnulf
  • Assuntos: Copper Alloys ; Raw Materials ; Archaeology
  • É parte de: Journal of Archaeological Science, 2015, Vol.53, p.492(12)
  • Descrição: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2014.10.030 Byline: Siran Liu, Thilo Rehren, Ernst Pernicka, Arnulf Hausleiter Abstract: Very little is known about early metallurgical activity in the north-western part of the Arabian Peninsula, despite the region's cultural importance. To begin to address this research lacuna, metallurgical remains including crucible fragments, metal dross and a copper artefact were sampled from two oases in northwest Arabia, Qurayyah and Tayma. The metallurgical activity in Qurayyah is dated to the Late Bronze Age, and in Tayma to the Roman/Late Roman period. At both sites we identified evidence for copper alloying and refining. Small scale copper smelting might also have been practiced in Qurayyah. Arsenical copper was processed at both sites, but in Tayma tin bronze and leaded tin bronze dominated. The chemical analysis of metal prills in crucible linings showed that fresh copper and tin instead of scrap metal were employed in these processes. Lead isotope analysis indicates that at least some of the Tayma metal was imported. Access to raw materials from remote areas is consistent with the importance of Tayma in the trading network of northwest Arabia. Author Affiliation: (a) UCL Institute of Archaeology, London WC1H 0PY, UK (b) UCL Qatar, PO Box 25256, Doha, Qatar (c) Curt-Engelhorn-Zentrum Archaometrie, Mannheim, Germany (d) German Archaeological Institute, Orient Department, Berlin, Germany Article History: Received 19 December 2013; Revised 21 October 2014; Accepted 25 October 2014
  • Idioma: Inglês

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