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Too far to walk or bike?(COMMENTARY)(Report)

Larouche, Richard ; Barnes, Joel ; Tremblay, Mark S.

Canadian Journal of Public Health, Nov-Dec, 2013, Vol.104(6), p.e487(3) [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Too far to walk or bike?(COMMENTARY)(Report)
  • Autor: Larouche, Richard ; Barnes, Joel ; Tremblay, Mark S.
  • Assuntos: Exercise -- Health Aspects ; Walking -- Health Aspects ; Children -- Health Aspects ; Transportation
  • É parte de: Canadian Journal of Public Health, Nov-Dec, 2013, Vol.104(6), p.e487(3)
  • Descrição: Only 25-35% of Canadian children and youth regularly engage in active transportation (AT; e.g., non-motorized travel modes such as walking and cycling) to/from school. Previous research shows that distance between home and school is the strongest barrier to AT. Based on social ecological theory, we describe several strategies to overcome this barrier. At the individual level, children and youth could engage in AT to/from destinations such as parks, shops, friends' and family members' residence, and sport fields which may be located closer than their school. Parents who drive their kids to/from school could drop them within a "walkable" distance so that they can walk for the remainder of the trip. Partnerships could be developed between schools and other nearby institutions that would allow cars and buses to use their parking lot temporarily so that children could do a portion of the school trip on foot. Developing a well-connected network of sidewalks along low traffic streets can also facilitate AT. At the policy level, decisions regarding school location have a direct influence on distance. Finally, social marketing campaigns could raise awareness about strategies to incorporate AT into one's lifestyle, and encourage parents to reconsider what constitutes a "walkable" distance. KEY WORDS: Transportation; child; adolescent; schools; walking; exercise Seulement 25-35 % des enfants et adolescents canadiens font regulierement du transport actif (TA; soit l'utilisation de modes de transport non-motorises comme la marche et le velo) pour se rendre a l'ecole et en revenir. Des etudes precedentes montrent que la distance entre l'ecole et la maison est la principale barriere au TA. D'apres le modele socio-ecologique, nous decrivons plusieurs strategies pour surmonter cette barriere. Au niveau individuel, les jeunes pourraient faire du TA pour aller a des destinations situees plus pres de leur domicile comme au parc, au magasin, a la residence de leurs amis ou de membres de leur famille ou au terrain de sport. Les parents qui conduisent leur enfant en voiture pourraient se stationner pres de l'ecole pour effectuer le reste du trajet a pied. Des partenariats pourraient etre developpes entre les ecoles et des institutions avoisinantes qui permettraient que les voitures et autobus utilisent leur stationnement temporairement pour que les jeunes puissent faire une partie du trajet a pied. Le developpement d'un reseau de trottoirs bien connectes le long de rues avec une faible circulation automobile pourrait egalement favoriser le TA. Au niveau politique, les decisions quant a l'emplacement des ecoles ont un impact direct sur la distance. Finalement, des campagnes de marketing social pourraient sensibiliser les gens aux strategies pour incorporer le TA a ses habitudes de vie, et encourager les parents a reconsiderer ce que represente une distance <>. MOTS CLES: transport; enfant; adolescent; ecole; marche; exercice
  • Idioma: English

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