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Tolerance of the widespread cyanobacterium Nostoc commune to extreme temperature variations (-269 to 105[degrees]C), pH and salt stress.(PHYSIOLOGICAL ECOLOGY--ORIGINAL RESEARCH)

Sand - Jensen, Kaj ; Jespersen, Thomas Sand

Oecologia, June, 2012, Vol.169(2), p.331(9) [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Tolerance of the widespread cyanobacterium Nostoc commune to extreme temperature variations (-269 to 105[degrees]C), pH and salt stress.(PHYSIOLOGICAL ECOLOGY--ORIGINAL RESEARCH)
  • Autor: Sand - Jensen, Kaj ; Jespersen, Thomas Sand
  • Assuntos: Photosynthesis -- Physiological Aspects ; Plant Biochemistry -- Physiological Aspects
  • É parte de: Oecologia, June, 2012, Vol.169(2), p.331(9)
  • Descrição: Nostoc commune is a widespread colonial cyanobacterium living on bare soils that alternate between frost and thaw, drought and inundation and very low and high temperatures. We collected N. commune from alternating wet and dry limestone pavements in Sweden and tested its photosynthesis and respiration at 20[degrees]C after exposure to variations in temperature (-269 to 105[degrees]C), pH (2-10) and NaCl (0.02-50 g NaCl [kg.sup.-1]). We found that dry field samples and rewetted specimens tolerated exposure beyond that experienced in natural environmental conditions: -269 to 70[degrees]C, pH 3-10 and 0-20 g NaCl [kg.sup.-1], with only a modest reduction of respiration, photosynthesis and active carbon uptake at 20[degrees]C. [sup.14]C[O.sub.2] uptake from air declined markedly below zero and above 55[degrees]C, but remained positive. Specimens maintained a high metabolism with daily exposure to 6 h of rehydration and 18 h of desiccation at -18 and 20[degrees]C, but died at 40[degrees]C. The field temperature never exceeded the critical 40[degrees]C threshold during the wet periods, but it frequently exceeded this temperature during dry periods when N. commune is already dry and unaffected. We conclude that N. commune has an excellent tolerance to low temperatures, long-term desiccation and recurring cycles of desiccation and rewetting. These traits explain why it is the pioneer species in extremely harsh, nutrient-poor and alternating wet and dry environments. Keywords Nostoc commune * Temperature tolerance * Desiccation tolerance * Drought resistance * Freezing tolerance * Stress
  • Idioma: English

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