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Multi-model MJO forecasting during DYNAMO/CINDY period.(Report)

Fu, Xiouhua ; Lee, June - Yi ; Hsu, Pang - Chi ; Taniguchi, Hiroshi ; Wang, Bin ; Wang, Wanqiu ; Weaver, Scott

Climate Dynamics, August, 2013, Vol.41(3-4), p.1067(15) [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Multi-model MJO forecasting during DYNAMO/CINDY period.(Report)
  • Autor: Fu, Xiouhua ; Lee, June - Yi ; Hsu, Pang - Chi ; Taniguchi, Hiroshi ; Wang, Bin ; Wang, Wanqiu ; Weaver, Scott
  • Assuntos: Madden-Julian Oscillation -- Research ; Weather Forecasting -- Research ; Climate Models -- Research
  • É parte de: Climate Dynamics, August, 2013, Vol.41(3-4), p.1067(15)
  • Descrição: The present study assesses the forecast skill of the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) observed during the period of DYNAMO (Dynamics of the MJO)/CINDY (Cooperative Indian Ocean Experiment on Intraseasonal Variability in Year 2011) field campaign in the GFS (NCEP Global Forecast System), CFSv2 (NCEP Climate Forecast System version 2) and UH (University of Hawaii) models, and revealed their strength and weakness in forecasting initiation and propagation of the MJO. Overall, the models forecast better the successive MJO which follows the preceding event than that with no preceding event (primary MJO). The common modeling problems include too slow eastward propagation, the Maritime Continent barrier and weak intensity. The forecasting skills of MJO major modes reach 13, 25 and 28 days, respectively, in the GFS atmosphere-only model, the CFSv2 and UH coupled models. An equal-weighted multi-model ensemble with the CFSv2 and UH models reaches 36 days. Air-sea coupling plays an important role for initiation and propagation of the MJO and largely accounts for the skill difference between the GFS and CFSv2. A series of forecasting experiments by forcing UH model with persistent, forecasted and observed daily SST further demonstrate that: (1) air-sea coupling extends MJO skill by about 1 week; (2) atmosphere-only forecasts driven by forecasted daily SST have a similar skill as the coupled forecasts, which suggests that if the high-resolution GFS is forced with CFSv2 forecasted daily SST, its forecast skill can be much higher than its current level as forced with persistent SST; (3) atmosphere-only forecasts driven by observed daily SST reaches beyond 40 days. It is also found that the MJO-TC (Tropical Cyclone) interactions have been much better represented in the UH and CFSv2 models than that in the GFS model. Both the CFSv2 and UH coupled models reasonably well capture the development of westerly wind bursts associated with November 2011 MJO and the cyclogenesis of TC05A in the Indian Ocean with a lead time of 2 weeks. However, the high-resolution GFS atmosphere-only model fails to reproduce the November MJO and the genesis of TC05A at 2 weeks' lead. This result highlights the necessity to get MJO right in order to ensure skillful extended-range TC forecasting. Keywords MJO forecasting skill * GFS, CFSv2, and UH global models * DYNAMO/CINDY field campaign * Air-sea coupling * Atmosphere-only forecast * MJO-TC interactions * Extended-range TC forecasting
  • Idioma: English

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