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Simulation of a persistent snow storm over southern China with a regional atmosphere-ocean coupled model.(Report)

Liao, Zhijie ; Zhang, Yaocun

Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, March, 2013, Vol.30(2), p.425(23) [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Simulation of a persistent snow storm over southern China with a regional atmosphere-ocean coupled model.(Report)
  • Autor: Liao, Zhijie ; Zhang, Yaocun
  • Assuntos: Rain -- Analysis ; Rain -- Models ; Climate -- Analysis ; Climate -- Models ; Madden-julian Oscillation -- Analysis ; Madden-julian Oscillation -- Models
  • É parte de: Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, March, 2013, Vol.30(2), p.425(23)
  • Descrição: Byline: Zhijie Liao (1), Yaocun Zhang (1) Keywords: RegCM3; POM; coupled model; snow storm; Madden-Julian oscillation Abstract: A regional atmosphere-ocean coupled model, RegCM3-POM, was developed by coupling the regional climate model (RegCM3) with the Princeton Ocean Model (POM). The performance of RegCM3-POM in simulating a persistent snow storm over southern China and the impact of the Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO) on this persistent snow storm were investigated. Compared with the stand-alone RegCM3, the coupled model performed better at reproducing the spatial-temporal evolution and intensity of the precipitation episodes. The power spectral analysis indicated that the coupled model successfully captured the dominant period between 30 and 60 days in the precipitation field, leading to a notable improvement in simulating the magnitude of intraseasonal precipitation variation, and further in enhancing the intensity of the simulated precipitation. These improvements were mainly due to the well-simulated low-frequency oscillation center and its eastward propagation characteristics in each MJO phase by RegCM3-POM, which improved the simulations of MJO-related low-frequency vertical motions, water vapor transport, and the deep inversion layer that can directly influence the precipitation event and that further improved the simulated MJO-precipitation relationship. Analysis of the phase relationship between convection and SST indicated that RegCM3-POM exhibits a near-quadrature relation between the simulated convection and SST anomalies, which was consistent with the observations. However, such a near-quadrature relation was not as significant when the stand-alone RegCM3 was used. This difference indicated that the inherent coupled feedback process between the ocean and atmosphere in RegCM3-POM played an important part in reproducing the features of the MJO that accompanied the snow storm. Author Affiliation: (1) School of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210093, China Article History: Registration Date: 06/02/2012 Received Date: 11/05/2012 Online Date: 09/02/2013
  • Idioma: English

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