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The first evidence of cut marks and usewear traces from the Plio-Pleistocene locality of El-Kherba (Ain Hanech), Algeria: implications for early hominin subsistence activities circa 1.8 Ma.(Report)

Derradji, Abdelkader ; Medig, Mohamed ; Sahnouni, Mohamed ; Rosell, Jordi ; Vergès, Josep ; Ollé, Andreu ; Kandi, Nadia ; Harichane, Zoheir;

Journal of Human Evolution, Feb, 2013, Vol.64(2), p.137(14) [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    The first evidence of cut marks and usewear traces from the Plio-Pleistocene locality of El-Kherba (Ain Hanech), Algeria: implications for early hominin subsistence activities circa 1.8 Ma.(Report)
  • Autor: Derradji, Abdelkader ; Medig, Mohamed ; Sahnouni, Mohamed ; Rosell, Jordi ; Vergès, Josep ; Ollé, Andreu ; Kandi, Nadia ; Harichane, Zoheir
  • Assuntos: Human Evolution -- Analysis ; Archaeology -- Analysis ; Excavations (Archaeology) -- Analysis
  • É parte de: Journal of Human Evolution, Feb, 2013, Vol.64(2), p.137(14)
  • Descrição: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2012.10.007 Byline: Mohamed Sahnouni (a)(b)(c), Jordi Rosell (d)(e), Jan van der Made (f), Josep Maria Verges (e)(d), Andreu Olle (e)(d), Nadia Kandi (g), Zoheir Harichane (b), Abdelkader Derradji (g), Mohamed Medig (g) Abstract: The current archaeological data on early hominin subsistence activities in Africa are derived chiefly from Sub-Saharan Plio-Pleistocene sites. The recent studies at El-Kherba (Ain Hanech) in northeastern Algeria expand the geographic range of evidence of hominin subsistence patterns to include the earliest known archaeological sites documented in North Africa. Dated to 1.78 million years ago (Ma), excavations from El-Kherba yielded an Oldowan industry associated with a savanna-like fauna contained in floodplain deposits. The faunal assemblage is dominated by large and medium-sized animals (mainly adults), especially equids, which are represented by at least 11 individuals. The mammalian archaeofauna preserves numerous cut-marked and hammerstone-percussed bones. Made of primarily limestone and flint, the stone assemblage consists of core forms, debitage, and retouched pieces. Evidence of usewear traces is found on several of the flint artifacts, indicating meat processing by early hominins. Overall, our subsistence analysis indicates that early hominins were largely responsible for bone modification at the site, which is also corroborated by other relevant taphonomic evidence. Moreover, at 1.78 Ma, the cutmarked bones recovered from El-Kherba represent the earliest known evidence for ancestral hominin butchery activities and large animal foraging capabilities in northern Africa. Author Affiliation: (a) National Center for Research on Human Evolution (CENIEH), Paseo de la Sierra de Atapuerca s/n, Burgos 09002, Spain (b) Centre National de Recherches Prehistoriques, Anthropologiques et Historiques, Algiers, Algeria (c) Stone Age Institute & CRAFT, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, USA (d) Area de Prehistoria, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain (e) Institut Catala de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolucio Social (IPHES), Tarragona, Spain (f) Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales & Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (MNSN/CSIC), Madrid, Spain (g) Institute of Archaeology, University of Algiers 2, Algeria Article History: Received 19 November 2008; Accepted 26 October 2012
  • Idioma: English

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