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Age-related changes in prostate zonal volumes as measured by high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): a cross-sectional study in over 500 patients

Turkbey, Baris ; Huang, Robert ; Vourganti, Srinivas ; Trivedi, Hari ; Bernardo, Marcelino ; Yan, Pingkun ; Benjamin, Compton ; Pinto, Peter A. ; Choyke, Peter L.

BJU International, Dec, 2012, Issue 11, p.1642(6) [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Age-related changes in prostate zonal volumes as measured by high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): a cross-sectional study in over 500 patients
  • Autor: Turkbey, Baris ; Huang, Robert ; Vourganti, Srinivas ; Trivedi, Hari ; Bernardo, Marcelino ; Yan, Pingkun ; Benjamin, Compton ; Pinto, Peter A. ; Choyke, Peter L.
  • Assuntos: Medical Research ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • É parte de: BJU International, Dec, 2012, Issue 11, p.1642(6)
  • Descrição: To purchase or authenticate to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1464-410X.2012.11469.x/abstract Byline: Baris Turkbey(1), Robert Huang(1), Srinivas Vourganti(2), Hari Trivedi(2), Marcelino Bernardo(1), Pingkun Yan(3), Compton Benjamin(2), Peter A. Pinto(2), Peter L. Choyke(1) Keywords: BPH; MRI; prostate zonal volumes; age-related changes Study Type - Diagnosis (case series) Level of Evidence 4 What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Benign prostatic hyperplasia is the most common symptomatic disorder of the prostate and its severity varies greatly in the population. Various methods have been used to estimate prostate volumes in the past including the digital rectal examination and ultrasound measurements. High-resolution T2 weighted MRI can provide accurate measurements of zonal volumes and total volumes, which can be used to better understand the etiology of lower urinary tract symptoms of men. OBJECTIVE To use ability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to investigate age-related changes in zonal prostate volumes. PATIENTS AND METHODS This Institutional Review Board approved, Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act-compliant study consisted of 503 patients who underwent 3 T prostate MRI before any treatment for prostate cancer. Whole prostate (WP) and central gland (CG) volumes were manually contoured on T2-weighted MRI using a semi-automated segmentation tool. WP, CG, peripheral zone (PZ) volumes were measured for each patient. WP, CG, PZ volumes were correlated with age, serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) scores. RESULTS Linear regression analysis showed positive correlations between WP, CG volumes and patient age (P 0.001); there was no correlation between age and PZ volume (P= 0.173). There was a positive correlation between WP, CG volumes and serum PSA level (P 0.001), as well as between PZ volume and serum PSA level (P= 0.002). At logistic regression analysis, IPSS positively correlated with WP, CG volumes (P 0.001). SHIM positively correlated with WP (P= 0.015) and CG (P= 0.023) volumes. As expected, the IPSS of patients with prostate volumes (WP, CG) in first decile for age were significantly lower than those in tenth decile. CONCLUSIONS Prostate MRI is able to document age-related changes in prostate zonal volumes. Changes in WP and CG volumes correlated inversely with changes in lower urinary tract symptoms. These findings suggest a role for MRI in measuring accurate prostate zonal volumes; have interesting implications for study of age-related changes in the prostate. Author Affiliation: (1)Molecular Imaging Program (2)Urologic Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute (NCI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, MD, USA (3)Center for OPTical IMagery Analysis and Learning (OPTIMAL), State Key Laboratory of Transient Optics and Photonics, Xi'an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shaanxi, China Correspondence: (*) Peter L. Choyke, Molecular Imaging Program, NCI, NIH, 10 Center Dr, MSC 1182 Bldg 10, Room B69, Bethesda, MD 20892-1088, USA. e-mail: pchoyke@mail.nih.gov Accepted for publication 25 July 2012 Supporting information: Additional Supporting Information may be found in the online version of this article CAPTION(S): Supporting info item
  • Idioma: English

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