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Wavelet analysis of the convectively-coupled equatorial waves.(Report)

Cao, Jie ; Wen, Zhiping ; Chang, Youli ; Li, Xiangrui

SCIENCE CHINA Earth Sciences, April, 2012, Vol.55(4), p.675(10) [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Wavelet analysis of the convectively-coupled equatorial waves.(Report)
  • Autor: Cao, Jie ; Wen, Zhiping ; Chang, Youli ; Li, Xiangrui
  • Assuntos: Madden-julian Oscillation -- Analysis
  • É parte de: SCIENCE CHINA Earth Sciences, April, 2012, Vol.55(4), p.675(10)
  • Descrição: Byline: Jie Cao (1), ZhiPing Wen (2), YouLi Chang (1), XiangRui Li (1) Keywords: equatorial atmosphere; convectively-coupled wave; wavelet analysis; complex least square method Abstract: The spatial and temporal distribution characteristics of the main convectively-coupled equatorial waves were analyzed with the OLR data provided by NOAA and the method of wavelet analysis. The results indicate that the wavelet analysis can effectively distinguish MJO, Kelvin, ER, TD, and EMRG wave and the characteristics of their activities in 1992. The propagation speeds of MJO and ER wave are the slowest, following by Kelvin and TD wave and with MRG the fastest. The MJO from the Indian Ocean to the West Pacific Ocean, the Kelvin wave near the International Date Line, the ER and the TD wave around the West Pacific Ocean and the MRG in the eastern of the International Date Line have the biggest wave amplitude. The MJO in boreal winter and spring, the Kelvin wave in boreal spring and summer, the ER wave in boreal autumn, and the TD wave in boreal summer are active. The WMRG wave activates in boreal autumn, whereas EMRG wave appears year-round. These spatial and temporal characteristics agree well with the results of relevant theoretical studies, indicating that the wavelet analysis in the time-frequency domain is another effective method to reveal the evolution of convectively-coupled equatorial waves. Author Affiliation: (1) Department of Atmospheric Science, Yunnan University, Kunming, 650091, China (2) Monsoon and Environmental Center/Department of Atmospheric Science, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, 510275, China Article History: Registration Date: 18/11/2011 Received Date: 13/02/2011 Accepted Date: 27/05/2011 Online Date: 18/11/2011
  • Idioma: English

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