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The Middle-to-Upper Palaeolithic transition in Cova Gran (Catalunya, Spain) and the extinction of Neanderthals in the Iberian Peninsula.(Report)

Martinez - Moreno, Jorge ; Mora, Rafael ; De La Torre, Ignacio

Journal of Human Evolution, March, 2010, Vol.58(3), p.211(16) [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    The Middle-to-Upper Palaeolithic transition in Cova Gran (Catalunya, Spain) and the extinction of Neanderthals in the Iberian Peninsula.(Report)
  • Autor: Martinez - Moreno, Jorge ; Mora, Rafael ; De La Torre, Ignacio
  • Assuntos: Stratigraphy ; Archaeology ; Neanderthals ; Absolute Dating ; Excavations (Archaeology)
  • É parte de: Journal of Human Evolution, March, 2010, Vol.58(3), p.211(16)
  • Descrição: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2009.09.002 Byline: Jorge Martinez-Moreno (a), Rafael Mora (a), Ignacio de la Torre (b) Abstract: The excavations carried out in Cova Gran de Santa Linya (Southeastern PrePyrenees, Catalunya, Spain) have unearthed a new archaeological sequence attributable to the Middle Palaeoloithic/Upper Palaeolithic (MP/UP) transition. This article presents data on the stratigraphy, archaeology, and.sup.14C AMS dates of three Early Upper Palaeolithic and four Late Middle Palaeolithic levels excavated in Cova Gran. All these archaeological levels fall within the 34-32ka time span, the temporal frame in which major events of Neanderthal extinction took place. The earliest Early Upper Palaeolithic (497D) and the latest Middle Palaeolithic (S1B) levels in Cova Gran are separated by a sterile gap and permit pinpointing the time period in which the Mousterian disappeared from Northeastern Spain. Technological differences between the Early Upper Palaeolithic and Late Middle Palaeolithic industries in Cova Gran support a cultural rupture between the two periods. A series of 12.sup.14C AMS dates prompts reflections on the validity of reconstructions based on radiocarbon data. Thus, results from excavations in Cova Gran lead us to discuss the scenarios relating the MP/UP transition in the Iberian Peninsula, a region considered a refuge of late Neanderthal populations. Author Affiliation: (a) Centre d'Estudis del Patrimoni ArqueolA[sup.2]gic de la Prehistoria. Facultat de Lletres. Universitat AutA[sup.2]noma de Barcelona. 08193 Bellaterra, Spain (b) Institute of Archaeology. University College London. 31-34 Gordon Square. WC1H-0PY London, United Kingdom Article History: Received 24 December 2008; Accepted 1 July 2009
  • Idioma: English

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