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A Middle Stone Age worked bone industry from Katanda, Upper Semliki Valley, Zaire

Yellen, John E. ; Brooks, Alison S. ; Cornelissen, Els ; Mehlman, Michael J. ; Stewart, Kathlyn

Science, April 28, 1995, Vol.268(5210), p.553(4) [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    A Middle Stone Age worked bone industry from Katanda, Upper Semliki Valley, Zaire
  • Autor: Yellen, John E. ; Brooks, Alison S. ; Cornelissen, Els ; Mehlman, Michael J. ; Stewart, Kathlyn
  • Assuntos: Prehistoric Tools -- Research ; Excavations (Archaeology) ; Antiquities
  • É parte de: Science, April 28, 1995, Vol.268(5210), p.553(4)
  • Descrição: Three archaeological sites at Katanda on the Upper Semliki River in the Western Rift Valley of Zaire have provided evidence for a well-developed bone industry in a Middle Stone Age context. Artifacts include both barbed and unbarbed points as well as a daggerlike object. Dating by both direct and indirect means indicate an age of ~90,000 years or older. Together with abundant fish (primarily catfish) remains, the bone technology indicates that a complex subsistence specialization had developed in Africa by this time. The level of behavioral competence required is consistent with that of upper Paleolithic Homo sapiens sapiens. These data support an African origin of behaviorally as well as biologically modern humans.

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