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Primary State Formation in the Virú Valley, North Coast of Peru

Millaire , Jean-Franã§Ois

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2010, Vol.107(14), pp.6186-6191 [Periódico revisado por pares]

National Academy of Sciences 2010

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  • Título:
    Primary State Formation in the Virú Valley, North Coast of Peru
  • Autor: Millaire , Jean-Franã§Ois
  • Assuntos: Archaeology ; Radiocarbon Dating ; Society ; Coasts
  • É parte de: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2010, Vol.107(14), pp.6186-6191
  • Descrição: The origins of urban life and functioning states are two of the most fascinating research problems in anthropological archeology and a topic that has intrigued generations of scholars working on the Peruvian north coast. In this region, Andeanists have documented the rise of Moche as a dominant culture during the first millennium A.D., and the emergence of urban life and stately institutions at this society's principal center. Although there is a broad consensus that Moche represents an archaic state, it is still unclear whether it is an example of primary state formation or a case of a second-generation state. To document this question, archaeological excavations were recently carried out at the Gallinazo Group site in the Virú Valley. Results from a radiocarbon dating program indicate that a functioning state probably emerged in this valley during the second century B.C., possibly preceding Moche by a few centuries. These results necessarily raise question regarding the nature of state development on the north coast of Peru and, in particular, whether there was a single center of state development in this region or multiple sites where similar conditions and processes led to the parallel emergence of functioning states. ; p. 6186-6191.
  • Editor: National Academy of Sciences
  • Data de publicação: 2010
  • Idioma: Inglês

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