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Large-scale risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in shoreline sediments from Saudi Arabia: Environmental legacy after twelve years of the Gulf war oil spill

Bejarano , Adriana C. ; Michel , Jacqueline

Environmental pollution, 2010, Vol.158(5), pp.1561-1569 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Large-scale risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in shoreline sediments from Saudi Arabia: Environmental legacy after twelve years of the Gulf war oil spill
  • Autor: Bejarano , Adriana C. ; Michel , Jacqueline
  • Assuntos: Habitats ; Toxicity ; Molecular Weight ; Oil Spills ; Oils ; Sediments ; Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons ; Risk Assessment ; Geomorphology ; Landscapes ; Halophytes ; Weathering
  • É parte de: Environmental pollution, 2010, Vol.158(5), pp.1561-1569
  • Descrição: A large-scale assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from the 1991 Gulf War oil spill was performed for 2002-2003 sediment samples (n = 1679) collected from habitats along the shoreline of Saudi Arabia. Benthic sediment toxicity was characterized using the Equilibrium Partitioning Sediment Benchmark Toxic Unit approach for 43 PAHs (ESBTUFCV,43). Samples were assigned to risk categories according to ESBTUFCV,43 values: no-risk (≤1), low (>1–≤2), low-medium (>2–≤3), medium (>3–≤5) and high-risk (>5). Sixty seven percent of samples had ESBTUFCV,43 > 1 indicating potential adverse ecological effects. Sediments from the 0–30 cm layer from tidal flats, and the >30–<60 cm layer from heavily oiled halophytes and mangroves had high frequency of high-risk samples. No-risk samples were characterized by chrysene enrichment and depletion of lighter molecular weight PAHs, while high-risk samples showed little oil weathering and PAH patterns similar to 1993 samples. North of Safaniya sediments were not likely to pose adverse ecological effects contrary to sediments south of Tanaqib. Landscape and geomorphology has played a role on the distribution and persistence in sediments of oil from the Gulf War. ; p. 1561-1569.
  • Idioma: Inglês

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