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quantification of short-term macroaggregate dynamics: influences of wheat residue input and texture

Gryze , S. De ; Six , J. ; Brits , C. ; Merckx , R.

Soil biology & biochemistry, 2005, Vol.37(1), pp.55-66 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    quantification of short-term macroaggregate dynamics: influences of wheat residue input and texture
  • Autor: Gryze , S. De ; Six , J. ; Brits , C. ; Merckx , R.
  • Assuntos: Wheat ; Crop Residues ; Mathematical Models ; Soil Aggregates ; Textural Soil Types ; Soil Respiration ; Triticum Aestivum ; Soil Amendments ; Soil Structure ; Soil Fungi ; Plant Growth ; Hyphae ; Microbial Activity ; Soil Aggregation
  • É parte de: Soil biology & biochemistry, 2005, Vol.37(1), pp.55-66
  • Notas: Includes references
  • Descrição: Soil structure and soil aggregation play an important role in an array of processes such as soil erodibility, organic matter protection and soil fertility. Modeling attempts of these processes would benefit substantially from including soil structural parameters such as soil aggregation. However, quantitative data on soil structural dynamics is lacking. Therefore, we conducted short-term (3 weeks) incubations to acquire necessary soil structural parameters for modeling purposes. Prior to incubation, all structures > 53 micrometer were destroyed from three soils with varying texture but under similar management. Five different amounts of wheat residue, ranging from 0 to 3 wt%, were added to each of these soils. After 3 weeks, samples were analyzed for large water-stable macroaggregates (> 2000 micrometer) using a wet sieving method and for fungal growth using epifluorescence microscopy. Aggregate formation increased linearly with increasing amounts of residue at a rate of 12.0 +/- 1.24 g aggregates g(-1) residue added. We found no differences in aggregate formation among the three soils, even though the equilibrium level of macroaggregates differed in the field. While amounts of water-stable macroaggregates in the sandy loam and the silt loam soil corresponded well with fungal lengths, this was not the case for the silty clay loam soil. This suggests that fungi are less important in aggregate formation in more clayey soils. Cumulative respiration correlated well (r = 0.89-0.91) with water-stable macroaggregates for all three soils. A model assuming an aggregate formation rate proportional to the respiration rate was very successful in fitting the measured aggregate amounts. This model predicted about 65% of the changes in aggregation when different amounts were added, and about 85% of the changes in aggregation over time. This model yielded a macroaggregate turnover time of 40-60 days. The quantitative results presented here can directly be incorporated into models describing and predicting soil aggregate dynamics, as a determining factor for physical protection of organic matter within a soil. ; Includes references ; p. 55-66.
  • Idioma: Inglês

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