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Associations of relative deprivation and income rank with depressive symptoms among older adults in Japan

Gero, Krisztina ; Kondo, Katsunori ; Kondo, Naoki ; Shirai, Kokoro ; Kawachi, Ichiro

Social Science & Medicine, September 2017, Vol.189, pp.138-144 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Associations of relative deprivation and income rank with depressive symptoms among older adults in Japan
  • Autor: Gero, Krisztina ; Kondo, Katsunori ; Kondo, Naoki ; Shirai, Kokoro ; Kawachi, Ichiro
  • Assuntos: Depression ; Elderly ; Income Inequality ; Psychosocial Factors ; Socioeconomic Status ; Depression ; Elderly ; Income Inequality ; Psychosocial Factors ; Socioeconomic Status ; Medicine ; Social Sciences (General) ; Public Health
  • É parte de: Social Science & Medicine, September 2017, Vol.189, pp.138-144
  • Descrição: Income is hypothesized to affect health not just through material pathways (i.e., the ability to purchase health-enhancing goods) but also through psychosocial pathways (e.g., social comparisons with others). Two concepts relevant to the psychosocial effects of income are: relative deprivation (for example expressed by the Yitzhaki Index, measuring the magnitude of difference in income among individuals) and Income Rank. This study examined whether higher relative deprivation and lower income rank are associated with depressive symptoms in an older population independently of absolute income. Using cross-sectional data of 83,100 participants (40,038 men and 43,062 women) in the Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study (JAGES), this study applied multiple logistic regression models to calculate the odds ratios (OR) of depression associated with relative deprivation/Income Rank. The Japanese Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) was used to assess depressive symptoms,...
  • Idioma: Inglês

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