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Social disorganization/social fragmentation and risk of depression among older people in Japan: Multilevel investigation of indices of social distance

Takagi, Daisuke ; Kondo, Katsunori ; Kondo, Naoki ; Cable, Noriko ; Ikeda, Ken’ichi ; Kawachi, Ichiro

Social Science & Medicine, April 2013, Vol.83, pp.81-89 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Social disorganization/social fragmentation and risk of depression among older people in Japan: Multilevel investigation of indices of social distance
  • Autor: Takagi, Daisuke ; Kondo, Katsunori ; Kondo, Naoki ; Cable, Noriko ; Ikeda, Ken’ichi ; Kawachi, Ichiro
  • Assuntos: Japan ; Social Distance ; Social Disorganization ; Social Fragmentation ; Social Capital ; Depression ; Older People ; Multilevel Analysis ; Medicine ; Social Sciences (General) ; Public Health
  • É parte de: Social Science & Medicine, April 2013, Vol.83, pp.81-89
  • Descrição: Previous studies reported that social disorganization/fragmentation could predict mental well-being of residents in a community. The aim of this study is to examine how area and individual level of social distance could predict likelihood of mental health among older people in Japan. We empirically derived an index of “social distance” by taking averaged differences in sociodemographic characteristics that are income, education, hometown of origin, the duration of residency, and life stage, between the study participants and their neighbors. We used the study participants (  = 9147) from the Aichi Gerontological Evaluation Study, which targeted residents with aged 65 years or over in a central part in Japan. Depressive symptoms of the study participants were assessed using the short version of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15). We also tested if area-level social capital would moderate the association between social distance and depressive symptoms. Using...
  • Idioma: Inglês

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