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Understanding high-risk behavior among non-dominant minorities: A social resistance framework

Factor, Roni ; Kawachi, Ichiro ; Williams, David R

Social Science & Medicine, 2011, Vol.73(9), pp.1292-1301 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Understanding high-risk behavior among non-dominant minorities: A social resistance framework
  • Autor: Factor, Roni ; Kawachi, Ichiro ; Williams, David R
  • Assuntos: Unhealthy Behaviors ; Health Behaviors Theory ; Resistance ; Acting White ; Non-Dominant Groups ; Ethnicity ; Race ; Socioeconomic Status ; Minorities ; Medicine ; Social Sciences (General) ; Public Health
  • É parte de: Social Science & Medicine, 2011, Vol.73(9), pp.1292-1301
  • Descrição: Across different societies, non-dominant minority groups, compared to the dominant group, often exhibit higher rates of involvement in high-risk behaviors, such as smoking, drug and alcohol use, sexual risk behaviors, overeating, and unsafe driving habits. In turn, these behaviors have a well-documented impact on chronic disease, morbidity, and mortality. Previous studies have emphasized macro-structural or micro-agentic explanations for this phenomenon. Such explanations suffer from mirror-image shortcomings, such as, by emphasizing structural barriers, macro-level explanations leave out individual agency (“the over-socialized conception of the individual”), while micro-level theories give short shrift to structural constraints that prevent individuals from engaging in health-promoting behaviors (“the under-socialized conception of the individual”). Moreover, most current theories regard individuals as passive players who are influenced by the social environment or by psychological...
  • Idioma: Inglês

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