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Paleodistribution modeling in archaeology and paleoanthropology

Franklin, Janet ; Potts, Alastair J ; Fisher, Erich C ; Cowling, Richard M ; Marean, Curtis W

Quaternary Science Reviews, 15 February 2015, Vol.110, pp.1-14 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Paleodistribution modeling in archaeology and paleoanthropology
  • Autor: Franklin, Janet ; Potts, Alastair J ; Fisher, Erich C ; Cowling, Richard M ; Marean, Curtis W
  • Assuntos: Species Distribution Modeling ; Paleoclimate ; Paleodistributions ; Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction ; Resource Paleoscape ; Sciences (General) ; Geology
  • É parte de: Quaternary Science Reviews, 15 February 2015, Vol.110, pp.1-14
  • Descrição: Species distribution modeling (SDM) is a methodology that has been widely used in the past two decades for developing quantitative, empirical, predictive models of species–environment relationships. SDM methods could be more broadly applied than they currently are to address research questions in archaeology and paleoanthropology. Specifically, SDM can be used to hindcast paleodistributions of species and ecological communities (paleo-SDM) for time periods and locations of prehistoric human occupation. Paleo-SDM may be a powerful tool for understanding human prehistory if used to hindcast the distributions of plants, animals and ecological communities that were key resources for prehistoric humans and to use this information to reconstruct the resource landscapes (paleoscapes) of prehistoric people. Components of the resource paleoscape include species (game animals, food plants), habitats, and geologic features and landforms associated with stone materials for tools, pigments,...
  • Idioma: Inglês

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