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Medieval markets: A soil micromorphological and archaeobotanical study of the urban stratigraphy of Lier (Belgium)

Wouters, Barbora ; Devos, Yannick ; Milek, Karen ; Vrydaghs, Luc ; Bartholomieux, Bart ; Tys, Dries ; Moolhuizen, Cornelie ; van Asch, Nelleke

Quaternary International, 01 December 2017, Vol.460, pp.48-64 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Medieval markets: A soil micromorphological and archaeobotanical study of the urban stratigraphy of Lier (Belgium)
  • Autor: Wouters, Barbora ; Devos, Yannick ; Milek, Karen ; Vrydaghs, Luc ; Bartholomieux, Bart ; Tys, Dries ; Moolhuizen, Cornelie ; van Asch, Nelleke
  • Assuntos: Soil Micromorphology ; Archaeobotany ; Dark Earth ; Urban Archaeology ; Medieval Town ; Market ; Geology
  • É parte de: Quaternary International, 01 December 2017, Vol.460, pp.48-64
  • Descrição: Market places remain underrepresented in studies of archaeological soil micromorphology. In Lier, micromorphology was applied to gain understanding of the stratigraphy and formation processes of the medieval “Grote Markt”. Block samples were obtained from a sediment profile that spanned the 11 -15th century and contained three separate phases of thick, dark-coloured, humic, homogeneous layers - so-called ‘dark earth’. Combined with textural and archaeobotanical analyses (seeds, fruits and phytoliths), the results shed light on the formation processes that shaped this site. The oldest dark earth, dated to the 11th century, was characterised by agricultural activities. The second dark earth (12–13th century) formed as a result of intensive human activities, witnessing the site's transformation to an urban space. This layer contained large amounts of organic matter and anthropogenic inclusions and developed gradually . It...
  • Idioma: Inglês

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