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A model of hunter-gatherer skeletal element transport: The effect of prey body size, carriers, and distance

Schoville, Benjamin J ; Otárola-Castillo, Erik

Journal of Human Evolution, August 2014, Vol.73, pp.1-14 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    A model of hunter-gatherer skeletal element transport: The effect of prey body size, carriers, and distance
  • Autor: Schoville, Benjamin J ; Otárola-Castillo, Erik
  • Assuntos: Skeletal Element Profile ; Optimal Foraging Theory ; High-Survival Elements ; Shannon Evenness Index ; Utility Strategies ; Skeletal Transport Models ; Anthropology ; Biology
  • É parte de: Journal of Human Evolution, August 2014, Vol.73, pp.1-14
  • Descrição: Zooarchaeologists frequently use the relative abundance of skeletal elements in faunal assemblages in conjunction with foraging theory models to infer subsistence decisions made by prehistoric hunter-gatherers. However, foraging models applied to ethnoarchaeological cases have had variable success linking skeletal transport decisions with foraging predictions. Here, we approach this issue with the well-known Hadza data to statistically model the skeletal element transport decisions in response to distance from the residential hub and the number of carriers available for carcass transport. We compare our modeling approach to the traditional skeletal element utility curves from Binford's work with the Nunamiut, and to the more recently proposed Shannon evenness measure. Our approach, based on standard yet powerful statistical modeling techniques, can help researchers gain increased insight into the prey part transport responses of hunter-gatherers. Our analyses treat individual...
  • Idioma: Inglês

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