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Advances in chemical and physical properties of electric arc furnace carbon steel slag by hot stage processing and mineral mixing

Liapis, Ioannis ; Papayianni, Ioanna

Journal of Hazardous Materials, 11 February 2015, Vol.283, pp.89-97 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Advances in chemical and physical properties of electric arc furnace carbon steel slag by hot stage processing and mineral mixing
  • Autor: Liapis, Ioannis ; Papayianni, Ioanna
  • Assuntos: Metallurgy ; Slag ; Recycling ; Valorisation ; Specific Weight ; Engineering ; Law
  • É parte de: Journal of Hazardous Materials, 11 February 2015, Vol.283, pp.89-97
  • Descrição: Slags are recognised as a highly efficient, cost effective tool in the metal processing industry, by minimising heat losses, reducing metal oxidation through contact with air, removing metal impurities and protecting refractories and graphite electrodes. When compared to natural aggregates for use in the construction industry, slags have higher specific weight that acts as an economic deterrent. A method of altering the specific weight of EAFC slag by hot stage processing and mineral mixing, during steel production is presented in this article. The method has minimal interference with the production process of steel, even by limited additions of appropriate minerals at high temperatures. Five minerals are examined, namely perlite, ladle furnace slag, bauxite, diatomite and olivine. Measurements of specific weight are accompanied by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and fluorescence (XRF) analysis and scanning electron microscopy spectral images. It is also shown how altering the chemical composition is expected to affect the furnace refractory lining. Additionally, the process has been repeated for the most suitable mix in gas furnace and physical properties (FI, SI, LA, PSV, AAV, volume stability) examined. Alteration of the specific weight can result in tailoring slag properties for specific applications in the construction sector.
  • Idioma: Inglês

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