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Nitrogen critical loads using biodiversity-related critical limits

Posch, Maximilian ; Aherne, Julian ; Hettelingh, Jean-Paul

Environmental Pollution, October 2011, Vol.159(10), pp.2223-2227 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Nitrogen critical loads using biodiversity-related critical limits
  • Autor: Posch, Maximilian ; Aherne, Julian ; Hettelingh, Jean-Paul
  • Assuntos: Nutrient Nitrogen ; Simple Mass Balance ; Optimal Load ; Optimal Deposition Region ; Plant Biodiversity ; Engineering ; Environmental Sciences ; Anatomy & Physiology
  • É parte de: Environmental Pollution, October 2011, Vol.159(10), pp.2223-2227
  • Descrição: Critical loads are widely used in the effects-based assessment of emission reduction policies. While the impacts of acidification have diminished, there is increasing concern regarding the effects of nitrogen deposition on terrestrial ecosystems. In this context much attention has been focussed on empirical critical loads as well as simulations with linked geochemistry–vegetation models. Surprisingly little attention has been paid to adapt the widely used simple mass balance approach. This approach has the well-established benefit of easy regional applicability, while incorporating specified critical chemical criteria to protect specified receptors. As plant occurrence/biodiversity is related to both the nutrient and acidity status of an ecosystem, a single abiotic factor (chemical criterion) is not sufficient. Rather than an upper limit for deposition (i.e., critical load), linked nutrient nitrogen and acidity chemical criteria for plant occurrence result in an ‘optimal’ nitrogen...
  • Idioma: Inglês

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