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A comprehensive assessment of neurocognition in middle-aged chronic cigarette smokers

Durazzo, Timothy C ; Meyerhoff, Dieter J ; Nixon, Sara Jo

Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 01 April 2012, Vol.122(1-2), pp.105-111 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    A comprehensive assessment of neurocognition in middle-aged chronic cigarette smokers
  • Autor: Durazzo, Timothy C ; Meyerhoff, Dieter J ; Nixon, Sara Jo
  • Assuntos: Cigarette Smoking ; Cognition ; Neurocognition ; Assessment ; Middle-Age ; Cigarette Smoking ; Cognition ; Neurocognition ; Assessment ; Middle-Age ; Social Welfare & Social Work
  • É parte de: Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 01 April 2012, Vol.122(1-2), pp.105-111
  • Descrição: The majority of studies investigating the neurocognitive consequences of chronic smoking have been conducted with adults 60 years and older. Therefore, the scope of neurocognitive dysfunction associated with chronic cigarette smoking in middle age (i.e., 30–60 age range) has not been fully delineated. Twenty-seven (44±9 years of age; 4 females) non-smoking and 30 smoking (49±8 years of age; 4 females) participants completed a comprehensive neurocognitive battery and measures of fine motor dexterity and postural stability. All participants were free of biomedical or psychiatric conditions that may have influenced neurocognitive and motor function. Smokers performed significantly worse than non-smokers on the following domains: auditory–verbal and visuospatial learning, visuospatial memory, cognitive efficiency, executive skills, general intelligence, processing speed, fine motor dexterity and postural stability. The differences between smokers...
  • Idioma: Inglês

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