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Synthesis, characterization and surface properties of long chain β-hydroxy-γ-alkyloxy- N-methylimidazolium surfactants

Chauhan, Vinay ; Singh, Sukhprit ; Bhadani, Avinash

Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 2012, Vol.395, pp.1-9 [Periódico revisado por pares]

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  • Título:
    Synthesis, characterization and surface properties of long chain β-hydroxy-γ-alkyloxy- N-methylimidazolium surfactants
  • Autor: Chauhan, Vinay ; Singh, Sukhprit ; Bhadani, Avinash
  • Assuntos: Long Chain Imidazolium Cationics ; Cmc ; Salt Effect ; Thermal Stability ; Engineering ; Chemistry
  • É parte de: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 2012, Vol.395, pp.1-9
  • Descrição: Long chain water soluble ionic liquids, exhibiting better surface properties, have been synthesized from renewable feed stock, fatty alcohols. ► Six long chain cationics have been synthesized. ► Long chain cationics showed superior surface properties as compared to conventional cationic surfactants. ► Long chain cationics exhibited better thermal stability. ► Lower concentration of additive (sodium halide) markedly reduced the critical micelle concentration of these new cationics. A series of long chain water soluble cationics have been synthesized by reacting β-hydroxy-γ-alkyloxy bromo or chloro ethers with -methylimidazole. The surface activity of the molecules has been determined by measurement of their conductance and surface tension in aqueous solution. The dynamics of surface activity of these surfactants have also been investigated in the presence of sodium halides, NaCl and NaBr by surface tension measurement. A series of useful parameters like critical micelle concentration (cmc), surface tension at the cmc ( ), adsorption efficiency (p ), effectiveness of surface tension reduction ( ), Gibbs free energy of the micellization (Δ ) and Gibbs free energy of adsorption (Δ ) have been determined from the measurements obtained by surface tension and conductivity method. Further with the application of the Gibbs adsorption isotherm, maximum surface excess concentration ( ) and minimum surface area/molecule ( ) at the air–water interface were also estimated. Thermal stability of these long chain cationics has been measured by thermal gravimetric analysis under nitrogen atmosphere. Analysis of thermal stability measurement indicated that the thermal stability of these long chain imidazoliniums increase with an increase in chain length.
  • Idioma: Inglês

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